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Alternate Cryptocurrencies aka altcoins

News about and related to altcoin: all blockchain projects (like Ethereum, NEO, NEM, Stellar, Ripple, Ontology, Nexus, Ardor, Lisk, Ark, OmiseGo, BOScoin) and related currency that exist in addition to Bitcoin.
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Microsoft Research présente le Permacoin une alternative au Bitcoin

Microsoft Research présente le Permacoin une alternative au Bitcoin submitted by dahugobez to BitcoinFrance [link] [comments]

Wow. Much news. Such recap. Very March 5th.

Happy Wednesday, Shibes! Quite a bit of news to pass along today, so let's get right to it. Here's today's news:
Dogecoin News
Cryptocoin News Mentioning Dogecoin
Follow @WowMuchNews on Twitter!
Tuesdays's News: Wow. Much news. Very March 4.
submitted by bluegrassmatt to dogecoin [link] [comments]

Masse demande d'article

Bonjour,
j'ai rapidement fait un text en français pour demander à des sites de news de publier des articles sur les récents événement du dogecoin. Essayez de demander un article sur vos sites préférés! J'ai déjà demandé à clubic.com...
Voici le texte:
Bonjour, j'ai vu récemment que le dogecoin (http://dogecoin.com/ ), une alternative au bitcoin, qui a une communauté qui grandit vraiment rapidement a de plus en plus d'influence sur internet! Récemment, la dogecoin fundation (http://foundation.dogecoin.com/) a fait une campagne pour financer l'apport d'eau au Kenya (http://doge4water.org/) Il restait encore un peu de temps au partisan du dogescoin pour attendre le but des 40 millions de dogescoins récoltés, mais soudainement un dénommé @SaveThemHood a fait via le tipbot twitter un don de 14000 dollars à doge4water ce qui a mis fin à la campagne
Tweet: https://twitter.com/savethemhood/status/445007386323853312
News: http://foundation.dogecoin.com/2014/03/16/doge4water-hits-target/#.Uyan4fl5N8E
Voilà :-)
submitted by Nasgarul to DogecoinFrance [link] [comments]

(Monde/Afr) Au Nigeria, le bitcoin peut-il devenir une alternative au naira ? | Alors que près d’un Nigérian sur deux est exclu du système de bancarisation classique, le développement de la cryptomonnaie pourrait changer la donne.

submitted by Mukhasim to UMukhasimAutoNews [link] [comments]

(Monde) Au Nigeria, le bitcoin peut-il devenir une alternative au naira ? | Alors que près d’un Nigérian sur deux est exclu du système de bancarisation classique, le développement de la cryptomonnaie pourrait changer la donne.

submitted by Mukhasim to UMukhasimAutoNews [link] [comments]

Alternative to bitcoin in au

Hey guys, anyone know an ALT for coinbase in AU? Looking for something with similar rates but havent found anything so far so thought I would check if anyone had any ideas. Sick of not being able to buy and put any transactions through during the dip considering its supposed to be instant buy. Smells all kinda fishy to me.
Edit* BTC and ETH
submitted by NexusKnights to CoinBase [link] [comments]

I'm making a video targeting right-wingers - Please critique and give feedback ASAP before I commit to recording? "Axiomatic Warfare and the Fatal Flaws of Modern Fascism"

[Video Essay Script] - Links will be used in video as images and segments. https://docs.google.com/document/d/12OX9TTfLhgNEfdDaMWfsHYyAMzTx9G7bSwu_0Ke1Ksc/edit?usp=sharing

Introduction to Modern Fascism

“Repeat a lie often enough and it becomes the truth”- Nazi Propagandists, Joseph Goebbels.

Axioms are our base assumptions about the world. They act as filters for new information coming into our consciousness.
In classic philosophy, an axiom is a statement that is so evident or well-established, that it is accepted without controversy or question. As used in modern logic, an axiom is a premise or starting point for reasoning.
We use these axiomatic assumptions to build our internal models of the world around us. They allow us to compare new information we receive from the outside with our internal narratives, which helps us to decide whether to reject or accept that new information. They are, for want of a better world, your "common sense" beliefs.
So how do you go about changing a relatively normal person's core beliefs and base assumptions to the point of rejecting their fellow citizens as traitors, committing acts of murderous terrorist or vigilante violence like Fascist white supremacists running down protesters in acts of terror, ISIS beheadings or mass genocide?

Shock Treatment and Slow Repetition

When I was a child I was subjected to regular mental and physical abuse from my dad. I would also see my mother repeatedly beaten up and then flee to a women's refuge where I would stay with her.
Each time my mom left, whenever I visited my dad at weekends, he would constantly try to pressure and manipulate me into convincing my mom to get back together with him.
This never worked of course. But what it did do, is make me highly sensitive to manipulation techniques.
I was fascinated by people like the magician Derren Brown and the economist Naomi Klein - who both reveal the tricks of the trade used in the advertising and marketing industries to convince people.
One way of changing people into killing machines or obedient sheep is through a big shock to the system, like how electroshock therapy allows for a clean slate to rebuild peoples intern mental models.
Psychedelics are another way, having a similar effect in the brain. Encouraged by the alt right and alt-light influencers like Jordan Peterson and Rebel Wisdom as they try to “Red Pill” people (an expression taken from the film The Matrix as a metaphor for revealing revealing the truth about the world).
They use this shock and disorientation as a way to prepare a “blank-slate” in order to rebuild peoples internal axiomatic models with different core beliefs.
Remaking people by shocking them into obedience and gas-lighting them about their existing internal models, making them seem irrational, silly or outdated. Reducing them to a mental state of a child and then rebuilding them with a new ideology and worldview, known as “shock therapy”.
As Naomi Klein explains in The Shock Doctrine: The Rise of Disaster Capitalism, these techniques work on larger scales with use of trauma and shock to influence political outcomes has been used since at least Milton Friedman coined the term “Economic Shock Treatment”. He advised that politicians push through painful and unpopular policies all at once during a time of crisis, before people could regain their footing.
The technique is used in economic markets on the large scale, and also against individuals on a small scale with individuals too. Economics and politics is just human interaction on a larger scale, after all.
Regular repetition and gentle suggestions of ideas can also instil new axiomatic models and core beliefs into people's minds. As Derren Brown demonstrates how powerful subtly suggestions can be alone, without the need for hypnosis, shocks or drugs.
But used in combination, shock and repetition can shift people until they have moved their positions, perceptions and beliefs about the world, to a place they could never have imagined.
But luckily once you deconstruct the deception and understand how the trick works, the illusion falls apart.

Defining and Deconstructing Modern Fascism

Firstly, we must define Modern Fascism. Modern Fascism ticks every box of the traditional definitions in Umberto Eco’s essay Ur-Fascism, and not only does it fulfil every criteria, it reveals other motivational forces and has evolved to include new aspects, and has changed into something worse, while it’s main weakness remain the same - the fact that it is primarily motivated by weakness.
As General Franco said in a 1938 interview with Henri Massis: "Fascism presents, wherever it manifests itself, characteristics which are varied to the extent that countries and national temperaments vary. It is essentially a defensive reaction of the organism, a manifestation of the desire to live, of the desire not to die, which at certain times seizes a whole people. So each people reacts in its own way, according to its conception of life… What can it have in common with Hitlerism, which was, above all, a reaction against the state of things created by the defeat, and by the abdication and the despair that followed it?"
This quote perfectly illustrates the transient nature of the ideology, but also the core motivations of Fascism. It is an ideology based on the assumption of weakness which yearns for restoration of a past greatness or to get revenge and recognition. But the way that it manifests itself is different in each place it takes hold.
Therefore the aim of this isn’t to make the case that any particular party or country has embraced out-right fascism (plenty of other people have made that case already), the aim is to reveal the underlying motivations, highlight threats and weaknesses and analyse the less obvious negative effects of Modern Fascism.

History Doesn’t Repeat, But It Rhymes

A false equivalence that is often used is that Liberal Imperialism is just the same as Fascism. And while it is true that imperialists use fascist dictators to extract cheap labour and resources and also dominate smaller counties in a similar way to how fascist empires aspire to rule, the key difference is that the populations of those countries are not gripped by the same fear based delusions.
And therefore more Liberal democracies are better equipped to hold their imperial position of power long term because they are better able to assess risks and react accordingly, rather than over-react based on paranoia and competing egos under excessive pressure.
This false equivalence was also used in 1930’s Germany, because far-left Communists had been co opted and infiltrated by Fascists. They would repeat the mantra that “the Social Democrats were the real racists”.
Contrary to the assumptions of most people, Fascism, as an ideology and political system of government is very distinct to white supremacy. It does of course include white supremecists, but In fact includes many other groups who have been co-opted by Fascist propaganda, or who implicitly support and enable their agenda.
Examples of modern opposition which has been repeatedly infiltrated or just simply made up by Fascists include innumerable conspiracy theories, police groups like Blue Lives Matter, militant Black nationalists, the Boogaloo movement who call for a race war, the “Proud Boys” and even sometimes supposed Anarchists, far-left Communists and Left Accelerationists.

Motivations of Fascism

Fascism distilled down to its core reason for existing is the suppression of opposition who represent workers rights and economic justice. So they patently DON’T look after their own people. They con them into submission of the state by generating jingoistic fear of “the other” - whoever is convenient on that day to blame for their problems.
Fascism is is an economic shock doctrine upon the inhabitants of the country. We don't spread fascist propaganda in tip-pot dictators because we care about the indiginous people there. We install Fascist dictators in order to remove workers rights and open up access to their natural resources.
Artificial moral panics can be engineered and real disasters used to allow corrupt oligarchs and financial predators to consolidate power further by buying up small innovative businesses who don’t have the excess capital to survive the turmoil on their own without external support. Or as a way to eradicate public services by sabotaging them and building mistrust.
They are used to erode faith in public services and institutions by rich people who simply want to pay less tax and don’t see why they should subsidise other human beings who haven’t had the same luck as them. So a major motivation of fascism is to suppress the opposition left-wing party who represent workers rights and egalitarian freedoms.
Populists claim to be against free trade and to some extent they are, but whatever they do will fail because they are interfering with the markets, so they will retreat to the power of market domination. They use their threats of trade barriers as more just more shock treatment for markets, rather than protecting actual jobs or industries.
This is a trick that has been played by Neoliberals too. But while Neoliberals use fascism as a tool for opening markets to Imperialism, they differ from Libertarians, not only because they embrace guns and weed, but they are starting from different positions to achieve the same goal;
Neoliberals seek to remove already existing public services and workers rights that lift bargaining power. But Libertarians want to STOP the government from ever providing those services and investments into the poor or enshrining workers rights.

Modern Fascist Ideology has TWO Core Reasons to Exist; Fear and Freed.

I have been researching and analysing how economic systems differ, using a SWOT analysis (Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities and Threads). For each economic system I tried to be as neutral, fair and balanced as possible - which included Fascism.
I might seem strange that someone who is anti-Fascist would want to explore the strenghts and opportunities of Fascist ideologies, but in doing so it reveals the real weaknesses and threats which are too important for us to ignore.
So what exactly IS Fascism? Is it just an economic doctrine or a personal philosophy about the world? The answer is both.
The ideology has TWO core reasons to exist, and TWO distinct audiences types - with one based primarily on fear and the other greed, with each having a malignant and symbiotic relationship with each other.
Fear - Authoritarian/Conservative Fascists
Greed - Libertarian Fascists
There are very few people who actually buy into full Fascist ideology, most believe a watered down version of which resembles Conservatism or right-wing populism or accelerationism, and most of them genuinely believe they aren’t fascist, even though they are being constantly fed subtle suggestions fascist ideology or that align with their plans.
But the most ironic thing is that these groups are mostly being used by the second group of rich Libertarians globalist elites pulling a confidence trick on the host nation. Often posing “anti-establishment” conspiracists who actually uphold the establishment through misinformation. See: Russia Today and Youtube Bitcoin and Gold shills who subtly suggest fascist talking points.
With those rich Libertarians at the top more than happy for those below them, who they deem less worthy, living in even more delusional ideologies with fake enemies to fear, often resembling traditional Christian but values wrapped in modern conspiracies with added elements of “satanic panic”.
Modern Fascism has clearly inspired the modern day equivalents of Brownshirts and Blackshirts, self-styled vigilantes like QAnon, The Proud Boys and “The Boogaloo” - white nationalist violent extremists who want to accelerate towards a full-on race war.
It has also infiltrated numerous alternative groups, such as hyper-evangelical “end times” cults, alternative health scenes, internet conspiracy scenes like flat earth and occult magic.

Lockdown Conspiracies

A commonly missing hallmark of fascism that is present in history during the rise of fascism is a controlled opposition and explicit suppression of opposition. This distorts a healthy society and has unforeseen consequences and blowback.
Fantasies and political thought bubbles are self delusional custom realities resembling an episode of Black Mirror. They act as coping and escape mechanisms. Especially during the Covid 19 lock-down, these tendencies have gone into overdrive with massive events entering the real world featuring David Ike leading protesters alongside fascists as people ignore rising Fascism, climate change destruction and Covid deaths tolls.
Using disasters like Covid or irrational scare tactics such as the "Satanic Panic" style Fascist propaganda from QAnon, can shock people using their fear and disgust response, while making them distrust the news - allowing the government to evade valid criticism from experts while suggesting to people that government public services are inherently evil or Communist.
This type of propaganda is a Libertarians wet dream - making a population not only give up on tax funded public services, but actively fear them. An example is Trump trying to discredit and defund the US Postal Service and other public institutions and regulatory bodies.
Anti Semitism has been used throughout history by those in power to provoke an “us vs. them” mentality, leading to today's establishment still sanctioning and allowing Qanon on major media platforms, provoking and agitating terrorist attackers from the far-left and the far-right.
Those in power in fascist regimes allow and encourage mistrust in the mainstream media, while the long-tail niche political and interest groups keep people separated from each other, who each live in their own custom realities while the real elites continue to dominate and increase their power.
With each bubble framing realities based of identity, race, class, nationality, or even subculture special interests like alternative medicine and “gamer bro” culture, so that when they interact in real life or online, they are speaking past each other because they don’t even agree on the basic principles of how they view society.

The Fatal Flaws of Living in a Fantasy

While the main flaws and weaknesses of Fascism remain the same, they are in-fact exacerbated by this new hybrid model. It’s main weakness is the very fact that it is motivated by weaknesses, fear and greed - rather than true strength, self-confidence or heroic benevolent power, as their adherents like to believe.
A misconception of fascists themselves that it is based on strength, when it is actually based on weakness - even when the driving force is greed rather than fear. Libertarian fascists want to extract labour and materials at cheaper prices, while inflating their own asset values.
In other words; international financiers with little allegiance to any country. Ironically the very type of people who Conservative fascists claim to be opposed to.
Fascism claims to make society more successful, but it actually accelerates the destruction of the culture, country or people, rather than preserving and conserving it, because it betrays a fundamental weakness of insecurity. Competitors and rivals can easily see through the charade of and take advantage.
If anything does the exact opposite. Russian and China are clearly goading Western nations into becoming more divided and totalitarian, as they themselves benefit from becoming more Liberal and open and reap the competitive advantages that brings. See Kraut’s excellent video about Trump on China as an example.
Keynesian investment in the country and people, giving workers more rights, opportunities and a more bargaining power is what makes a country successful and innovative, rather than the faux Keynesian policy of giving kickbacks to corrupt officials for government contracts and widening inequality by supporting the already rich, rather than the ordinary people.

Who Benefits in This Memetic War?

Who is going to war with who? Who is winning? A modern adage is that tankies are just fascists because of their support of authoritarian proto-fascist leaders and regimes who often claim to be Communist.
But from my experience talking to actual fascists, they crave a more multi-polar world where other strong leaders rise up as competition and form alliances with dictators.
So to me, it looks like Fascists are the real Tankies; wishing our enemies be stronger and wanting to accelerate towards race war or civil war that weakens the society.
Not only did Donald Trump have knowledge of Russia allowing ISIS bounties on US troops and withhold that from the public while courting Putin, I have personally heard white supremacists backing extremists Islamists in Discord servers.
Trump jumped to the defense of the people who put a 17 year old with a gun against civil rights protesters and assumed the intent before saying that the outcome should be decided by the legal system.
They share common values and beliefs like Anti Semitism, accelerationist end-times fantasies, patriarchal traditional values and a fear of outside progressive cultures. In fact modern extremists white supremecist groups share recruitment and terrorist strategies and tactics with militant islamists.
You could argue that it was inflicted by Russian or Imperialist propagandists onto the German people in order to take control of larger areas of Europe after the destabilisation of war.
Hitler and Stalin came to a non agression truce called The Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact, which as was a secret non-aggression pact between Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union that enabled those two powers to partition Poland between them.
The pact, signed in Moscow on 23 August 1939 by German Foreign Minister Joachim von Ribbentrop and Soviet Foreign Minister Vyacheslav Molotov was officially known as the Treaty of Non-Aggression between Germany and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics.
They divided Poland under the banner of fighting “Polish Fascism” nearly a century ago with both sides ultimately lying to their own people about spreading freedom while being authoritarian to their core and being able to blame “the other” as being the cause of all their problems.
But these days fascism seems to be a rogue meme that no longer serves any particular group. It is pathologically damaging to any society that it happens to grip.
Even the aforementioned Libertarians and accelerationists who think they are benefiting are only temporarily gaining by market price volatility. They ultimately lose through the blowback effect of the whirlpool they create.

Psychopathy, Alienation Nihilism and Insecurity

It is well established that Fascist dictators are driven by psychopathic characters and tendencies. They either don’t care about the truth, or disregard it if it’s not convenient to their narrative.
In totalitarian despotic societies facts are reversed. As George Orwell proclaimed throughout his writings; “War is peace. Freedom is slavery. Ignorance is strength.”.
Similar to how authoritarian Starlinist Communists harnessed people’s alienation and tricked them into thinking that it’s possible for the state to fully decommodify everything without having markets, money to account for things, domination or hierarchy or try to convince people that a revolution is just around the corner.
But of course, a council representative is still the head of an organisation, for all intents and purposes, because they wield executive power over others, even if the name has changed. Markets are emergent properties when groups of humans want or need a certain commodity when it becomes available.
But while both Communist and Fascist ideologies are based on lies that harness peoples alienation, fear and envy, Fascism is also especially to the weak. It is attractive to those who want to be strong again (or were never to begin with), or those who want to have a strong leader to help them.
Fascism betrays to others the inherent weakness. Like the insecure kid in school who lashes out - others around can see that it is because of their own insecurity which makes them appear even weaker. Fascism is a psychopathy driven by insecurity.
When people become so absorbed in an ideology there is a phenomena of people to self identify as an actual ideology? This produces a phenomena called Identity Protective Cognition, where people's self worth becomes attached to a belief system or ideology. So that when new information contradicts their worldview it is seen as an attack on the person themselves.
Therefore irrational, emotional quick fix thinking is the default when there is too much pressure and they feel attacked. They no longer use their slow effortful reflective thinking. (See Daniel Kahneman - Thinking, Fast and Slow)
This approach has parallels in evolutionary biology, in which a central issue is the ability to adapt to changing environments. Competency - over-competitiveness in management causes chaos which STOPS hierarchies of competence. (Insert video clips of Sapolsky on Chaos vs Reductionism etc. timestamps linked).
Fascists try to reduce variability in culture and outcomes - causes weakness of less adaptability - because as Sapolsky explains, the variability is not just noise in that type of system CAS (Complex Adaptive Systems) - the variability IS the system. It is fractal and scale free. The noise and variability is an intrinsic part of the system.
But the system doesn’t function properly when the agreed-upon parameters that individuals believe to be true aren’t universal enough to have any form of group coherence.
Birds and swarms of animals can produce amazing complex phenomena, which are greater than the sum of their individual parts. There is a “network effect” once a certain threshold and certain conditions and rules are met.
These rules can be very simple, like repulsion or attraction, or staying a certain distance apart while traveling in a similar direction, but collectively they create patterns that emerge with complexity and I dear say, a certain amount of beauty.
So what happens when millions of people are being brainwashed and misled by cults that are leaving them with a reduced ability to make decisions?
Giving them shit-for-brains just so that some rich people at the top can pay a few percentage less tax? That is the sign of a deeply sick system that cannot continue to function effectively. It is sick on so many levels.

Emergence, Complexity and Human Evolution - A Social-Biological Analysis

The problem with viewing the world through only one lens of analysis (or bucket of knowledge) is that you can fall into unnecessarily reductive thinking. (Sapolsky clips)
I describe myself as a philosophical anarchist. Which does NOT mean I want total chaos and disorder - it means I want the optimal solution to emerge - including the influences and experiences from the bottom-up.
I also think that a bottom-up (or anarchist) lens of analysis is necessary for society to run cohesively in an optimal state. If it is repressed it distorts the overall picture of reality for everyone - similar to a CEO that doesn’t listen to employees and workers on the ground.
I interpret as constantly holding authority to account - to justify its existence and reason for dominating others. I also believe it is every citizen's responsibility to hold authority to account. This would be necessary under ANY economic system or society.
Anarchists also believe in stigmenric, rhizomatic action to make the world better, organically, not from a top-down authority, which fascism seeks to instill on society.
Human beings are collectively parts of a bigger chaotic but stable system known as a CAS (Complex Adaptive System). CAS’s are chaotic systems that can reach periodic steady states of equilibrium.
As Professor Sapolsky explains, humans uniquely exist with a mixture of both communal and individualistic tendencies; known in the scientific world as Tournament vs. pair bonding.
All the evidence suggests that this tendency has greatly improved our success as a species. But those tendencies distorted too far one way or another lead to pathologies and the worst collective misdeeds and wars.
Because as Professor Sapolsky also explains in his brilliant lecture series (which I have condensed the pertinent parts of into a 4 part YouTube video) about CAS; the signals coming from the randomness is being suppressed or repressed, it interferes with the functioning of the system.
Pressure in the system makes the patterns more complex but at a certain point of increasing pressure in the complex system, it stops being linear and the doubling of patterns and periodicity totally stops. Order completely begins to break down because of the butterfly effect.
Fascist regimes fettishise order and rigidity but in a complex adaptive system, the noise IS the phenomena, not a byproduct to be discarded, ignored or repressed.
The majority of people on the right genuinely want to help society by bringing order, using top-down draconian measures if necessary. Whereas the left generally wants to help society by proactively building from the bottom up.
I think both of these approaches are necessary to be balanced properly for a healthy functioning society to emerge.
It seems our tendency to harness both traits and to focus intently on one or the other is our greatest collective strength, while also being our greatest weakness.
And similarly, on an individual level I believe our greatest strengths and weakness are the fact that our brains work efficiently by categorising information to filter out the unimportant bits that slow us down.
As the book by Daniel Kahneman - Thinking, Fast and Slow, brilliantly explains, slow deliberate, consideration thinking takes energy and time, so our brains developed filters which come out as biases. This is an inherent weakness of the human brain.
Now imagine the butterfly effect on the life of just one person who is influenced by the brainworms of QAnon cults or conspiracies which distorts their internal models of the world which they use to filter information about the world
The sad and shocking stories on forums like QanonCasualties show the devastating effects on their close friends, family and work life - amplified by their ever increasingly disconnected lives. (insert Flat earther clip - zoom in on idiot rolling head)
Now scale that up to the level of a whole of a society, a country, or the world? This is a collective madness to cope with and avoid the reality facing us as a species.
Only collective action with agreed basic facts to work from will do to avoid the total descent into actual chaos and destruction.

TLDR; Conclusion and Final Thoughts

In this essay I will have put forward the case for the following four key arguments being true and I have present supporting evidence to explain the logical reasoning for why our current definitions need updating and the threat levels reassed, from a non-hysterical but critical perspective. The overall claims I made are:
  1. Modern Fascism has taken over right-wing populism and bears all the hallmarks of early 20th Century Fascist ideologies.
  2. The ideology has two main reasons to exist, and two distinct audiences which both have a symbiotic, pathological relationship with each other.
  3. The main flaws and weaknesses of fascist ideology remain the same as ever - that fascism is motivated by irrational fears, greed and self deception.
  4. Modern Fascism has major unforeseen damaging consequences for individuals, governments, organisational dynamics, and society at large.
This reality is something I think a lot of fascists, ultra-nationalists and people who have been influenced by the propaganda know deep down on some level already - that they are avoiding the realities of pandemics and ecological harms of ignoring science and reality as it is.
They ignore it because fantasies are simpler to understand. And a narrative based on fear of the other is a simpler way to to process a complex world.
It is also attractive to the part of us that is drawn to conflict and drama - that hunger for something genuinely interesting to happen.
But I would argue from my experience that the beautiful complexity of life in all it’s shades of grey is much more interesting, fun and genuinely fulfilling to understand and engage in, even if it might be harder to deal with and even harder to explain.
I believe doing so is also vital for the very survival of our species - we can no longer afford to live in a fantasy, we need to collectively take responsibility for the world as it exists in reality.
Thank you to my two Patrons:
Carmen Jongepier
E.V. Roske
Original Script on Patreon
submitted by Upper-Range to BreadTube [link] [comments]

Nasdaq.com: Twetch lance la messagerie cryptée avec paiements directement dans le chat sur la blockchain BSV

Twetch, un réseau social basé sur les micropaiements qui fonctionne sur la blockchain Bitcoin SV, a introduit une fonction de messagerie cryptée qui permet aux utilisateurs de s'envoyer de l'argent directement dans le chat.
Sorti mercredi, Twetch Chat ajoute une couche de confidentialité et de sécurité à l'alternative à Twitter et s'inscrit dans la tendance vers des communications plus privées qui ont été un point central des entreprises ces dernières années. La contrepartie est que vous avez besoin d'un portefeuille de cryptomonnaie pour profiter de la fonctionnalité, qui servira à gérer les clés de chiffrements de vos messages ainsi qu'a envoyer et recevoir vos bitcoins.
"Contrairement aux services Internet existants, Twetch décharge la gestion des clés sur le compte de l'utilisateur, qui est un portefeuille Bitcoin SV" a déclaré Josh Petty le PDG de Twetch dans un communiqué. "C'est une étape vers la rupture du monopole qu'on les GAFA sur nos données"
Pour utiliser Twetch, vous avez besoin d'un portefeuille Moneybutton ou RelayX pour stocker et envoyer des BSV. Moneybutton et Relayx utilisent tous deux le protocole PayMail, qui crée un identifiant de type e-mail comme [[email protected]](mailto:[email protected]) au lieu de la chaîne de chiffres et de caractères généralement associée à un portefeuille bitcoin. Lors de la configuration d'un compte Twetch, le service génère de manière aléatoire une phrase de 12 mots associée à la clé publique de chaque portefeuille unique. Cette phrase est ensuite chiffrée et stockée dans la base de données de Twetch. Chaque fois que vous souhaitez vous connecter, vous déchiffrer la graine pour prouver votre identité et y accéder.
La norme de cryptage AES utilise la même clé pour crypter et décrypter. Ainsi, lorsque vous souhaitez discuter sur Twetch, l'initiateur du chat crée un chiffrement AES, ou code, pour le chat. Ce chiffrement est ensuite utilisé par les deux participants pour envoyer et lire des messages chiffrés, et même Twetch ne peut pas les lire!
Le chiffrement lui-même est chiffré par la graine / clé de l'utilisateur et stocké par Twetch dans ses serveurs afin que l'utilisateur puisse le déchiffrer plus tard, et seuls les participants au chat peuvent lire et envoyer des messages.
Pour illustrer, lorsque vous souhaitez discuter, vous trouvez la personne avec laquelle vous souhaitez communiquer et convenez d'une pièce dans la maison. La personne qui initie le chat crée un verrou et une clé spéciaux à partir de sa clé et de celle de son partenaire, de sorte que personne d'autre que lui ne peut entrer dans la pièce et donc dans la conversation.
Twetch Chat est destiné à être utilisé pour les affaires ainsi que pour les interactions sociales. Dans le chat, les utilisateurs peuvent négocier des accords en privé et se payer dans le cadre de la même interaction, sans jamais quitter le chat. On utilise pour cela simplement la commande "/pay".
"La messagerie est une fonctionnalité clé pour tout réseau social", explique Josh Petty. «La plupart des applications que les gens utilisent actuellement ne sont pas chiffrées et encore moins vous donnent accès aux données comme nous le faisons. Nous définissons aujourd'hui la norme de fonctionnement de toutes les applications de demain: une sécurité solide et une monnaie fiable intégrés par défaut.»
Vous êtes libres d'essayer Twetch dès maintenant, tant qu'il reste des invitations sur ce lien: https://twet.ch/inv/zhell
_____________
article NASDAQ: https://www.nasdaq.com/articles/twetch-launches-encrypted-messaging-in-chat-payments-on-bsv-blockchain-2020-09-09
illustration: https://imgur.com/a/NrXWmLO
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[In Progress] [4500] [Factual] Axiomatic Warfare and the Fatal Flaws of Modern Fascism / Video Essay - please critique and proofread

[Video Essay Script] - Links will be used in video as images and segments. https://docs.google.com/document/d/12OX9TTfLhgNEfdDaMWfsHYyAMzTx9G7bSwu_0Ke1Ksc/edit?usp=sharing

Introduction to Modern Fascism

“Repeat a lie often enough and it becomes the truth”- Nazi Propagandists, Joseph Goebbels.

Axioms are our base assumptions about the world. They act as filters for new information coming into our consciousness.
In classic philosophy, an axiom is a statement that is so evident or well-established, that it is accepted without controversy or question. As used in modern logic, an axiom is a premise or starting point for reasoning.
We use these axiomatic assumptions to build our internal models of the world around us. They allow us to compare new information we receive from the outside with our internal narratives, which helps us to decide whether to reject or accept that new information. They are, for want of a better world, your "common sense" beliefs.
So how do you go about changing a relatively normal person's core beliefs and base assumptions to the point of rejecting their fellow citizens as traitors, committing acts of murderous terrorist or vigilante violence like Fascist white supremacists running down protesters in acts of terror, ISIS beheadings or mass genocide?

Shock Treatment and Slow Repetition

One way of changing people into killing machines or obedient sheep is through a big shock to the system, like how electroshock therapy allows for a clean slate to rebuild peoples intern mental models.
Psychedelics encouraged by the alt right and alt-light like Jordan Peterson and Rebel Wisdom as they “Red Pill” people - another way to prepare a “blank-slate” to rebuild peoples internal axiomatic models.
Remaking people, shocking them into obedience and by gas-lighting them about their existing internal models, making them seem irrational, silly or outdated. Reducing them to a mental state of a child and then rebuilding them with a new ideology and worldview, known as “shock therapy”.
As Naomi Klein explains in The Shock Doctrine: The Rise of Disaster Capitalism, these techniques work on larger scales with use of trauma and shock to influence political outcomes has been used since at least Milton Friedman coined the term “Economic Shock Treatment”. He advised that politicians push through painful and unpopular policies all at once during a time of crisis, before people could regain their footing.
The technique is used in economic markets on the large scale, and also against individuals on a small scale. Economics and politics is just human interaction on a larger scale, after all.
Regular repetition and gentle suggestions of ideas can also instil new axiomatic models and core beliefs into people's minds. As Derren Brown demonstrates how powerful suggestion can be, or the multi-billion dollar marketing and advertising industries demonstrates.
Used in combination, shock and repetition can shift until you have moved to positions, perceptions and beliefs to a place you never could have imagined yourself. But luckily once you deconstruct the deception and understand how the trick works, the illusion falls apart.

Defining and Deconstructing Modern Fascism

Firstly, we must define Modern Fascism. Modern Fascism ticks every box of the traditional definitions in Umberto Eco’s essay Ur-Fascism, and not only does it fulfil every criteria, it reveals other motivational forces and has evolved to include new aspects, and has changed into something worse, while it’s main weakness remain the same - the fact that it is primarily motivated by weakness.
As General Franco said in a 1938 interview with Henri Massis: "Fascism presents, wherever it manifests itself, characteristics which are varied to the extent that countries and national temperaments vary. It is essentially a defensive reaction of the organism, a manifestation of the desire to live, of the desire not to die, which at certain times seizes a whole people. So each people reacts in its own way, according to its conception of life… What can it have in common with Hitlerism, which was, above all, a reaction against the state of things created by the defeat, and by the abdication and the despair that followed it?"
This quote perfectly illustrates the transient nature of the ideology, but also the core motivations of Fascism. It is an ideology based on the assumption of weakness which yearns for restoration of a past greatness or to get revenge and recognition. But the way that it manifests itself is different in each place it takes hold.
Therefore the aim of this isn’t to make the case that any particular party or country has embraced out-right fascism (plenty of other people have made that case already), the aim is to reveal the underlying motivations, highlight threats and weaknesses and analyse the less obvious negative effects of Modern Fascism.

History Doesn’t Repeat, But It Rhymes

A false equivalence that is often used is that Liberal Imperialism is just the same as Fascism. And while it is true that imperialists use fascist dictators to extract cheap labour and resources and also dominate smaller counties in a similar way to how fascist empires aspire to rule, the key difference is that the populations of those countries are not gripped by the same fear based delusions.
And therefore more Liberal democracies are better equipped to hold their imperial position of power long term because they are better able to assess risks and react accordingly, rather than over-react based on paranoia and competing egos under excessive pressure.
This false equivalence was also used in 1930’s Germany, because far-left Communists had been co opted and infiltrated by Fascists. They would repeat the mantra that “the Social Democrats were the real racists”.
Contrary to the assumptions of most people, Fascism, as an ideology and political system of government is very distinct to white supremacy. It does of course include white supremecists, but In fact includes many other groups who have been co-opted by Fascist propaganda, or who implicitly support and enable their agenda.
Examples of modern opposition which has been repeatedly infiltrated or just simply made up by Fascists include innumerable conspiracy theories, police groups like Blue Lives Matter, militant Black nationalists, the Boogaloo movement who call for a race war, the “Proud Boys” and even sometimes supposed Anarchists, far-left Communists and Left Accelerationists.

Motivations of Fascism

Fascism distilled down to its core reason for existing is the suppression of opposition who represent workers rights and economic justice. So they patently DON’T look after their own people. They con them into submission of the state by generating jingoistic fear of “the other” - whoever is convenient on that day to blame for their problems.
Fascism is is an economic shock doctrine upon the inhabitants of the country. We don't spread fascist propaganda in tip-pot dictators because we care about the indiginous people there. We install Fascist dictators in order to remove workers rights and open up access to their natural resources.
Artificial moral panics can be engineered and real disasters used to allow corrupt oligarchs and financial predators to consolidate power further by buying up small innovative businesses who don’t have the excess capital to survive the turmoil on their own without external support. Or as a way to eradicate public services by sabotaging them and building mistrust.
They are used to erode faith in public services and institutions by rich people who simply want to pay less tax and don’t see why they should subsidise other human beings who haven’t had the same luck as them. So a major motivation of fascism is to suppress the opposition left-wing party who represent workers rights and egalitarian freedoms.
Populists claim to be against free trade and to some extent they are, but whatever they do will fail because they are interfering with the markets, so they will retreat to the power of market domination. They use their threats of trade barriers as more just more shock treatment for markets, rather than protecting actual jobs or industries.
This is a trick that has been played by Neoliberals too. But while Neoliberals use fascism as a tool for opening markets to Imperialism, they differ from Libertarians, not only because they embrace guns and weed, but they are starting from different positions to achieve the same goal;
Neoliberals seek to remove already existing public services and workers rights that lift bargaining power. But Libertarians want to STOP the government from ever providing those services and investments into the poor or enshrining workers rights.

Modern Fascist Ideology has TWO Core Reasons to Exist; Fear and Freed.

I have been researching and analysing how economic systems differ, using a SWOT analysis (Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities and Threads). For each economic system I tried to be as neutral, fair and balanced as possible - which included Fascism.
I might seem strange that someone who is anti-Fascist would want to explore the strenghts and opportunities of Fascist ideologies, but in doing so it reveals the real weaknesses and threats which are too important for us to ignore.
So what exactly IS Fascism? Is it just an economic doctrine or a personal philosophy about the world? The answer is both.
The ideology has TWO core reasons to exist, and TWO distinct audiences types - with one based primarily on fear and the other greed, with each having a malignant and symbiotic relationship with each other.
Fear - Authoritarian/Conservative Fascists
Greed - Libertarian Fascists
There are very few people who actually buy into full Fascist ideology, most believe a watered down version of which resembles Conservatism or right-wing populism or accelerationism, and most of them genuinely believe they aren’t fascist, even though they are being constantly fed subtle suggestions fascist ideology or that align with their plans.
But the most ironic thing is that these groups are mostly being used by the second group of rich Libertarians globalist elites pulling a confidence trick on the host nation. Often posing “anti-establishment” conspiracists who actually uphold the establishment through misinformation. See: Russia Today and Youtube Bitcoin and Gold shills who subtly suggest fascist talking points.
With those rich Libertarians at the top more than happy for those below them, who they deem less worthy, living in even more delusional ideologies with fake enemies to fear, often resembling traditional Christian but values wrapped in modern conspiracies with added elements of “satanic panic”.
Modern Fascism has clearly inspired the modern day equivalents of Brownshirts and Blackshirts, self-styled vigilantes like QAnon, The Proud Boys and “The Boogaloo” - white nationalist violent extremists who want to accelerate towards a full-on race war.
It has also infiltrated numerous alternative groups, such as hyper-evangelical “end times” cults, alternative health scenes, internet conspiracy scenes like flat earth and occult magic.

Lockdown Conspiracies

A commonly missing hallmark of fascism that is present in history during the rise of fascism is a controlled opposition and explicit suppression of opposition. This distorts a healthy society and has unforeseen consequences and blowback.
Fantasies and political thought bubbles are self delusional custom realities resembling an episode of Black Mirror. They act as coping and escape mechanisms. Especially during the Covid 19 lock-down, these tendencies have gone into overdrive with massive events entering the real world featuring David Ike leading protesters alongside fascists as people ignore rising Fascism, climate change destruction and Covid deaths tolls.
Using disasters like Covid or irrational scare tactics such as the "Satanic Panic" style Fascist propaganda from QAnon, can shock people using their fear and disgust response, while making them distrust the news - allowing the government to evade valid criticism from experts while suggesting to people that government public services are inherently evil or Communist.
This type of propaganda is a Libertarians wet dream - making a population not only give up on tax funded public services, but actively fear them. An example is Trump trying to discredit and defund the US Postal Service and other public institutions and regulatory bodies.
Anti Semitism has been used throughout history by those in power to provoke an “us vs. them” mentality, leading to today's establishment still sanctioning and allowing Qanon on major media platforms, provoking and agitating terrorist attackers from the far-left and the far-right.
Those in power in fascist regimes allow and encourage mistrust in the mainstream media, while the long-tail niche political and interest groups keep people separated from each other, who each live in their own custom realities while the real elites continue to dominate and increase their power.
With each bubble framing realities based of identity, race, class, nationality, or even subculture special interests like alternative medicine and “gamer bro” culture, so that when they interact in real life or online, they are speaking past each other because they don’t even agree on the basic principles of how they view society.

The Fatal Flaws of Living in a Fantasy

While the main flaws and weaknesses of Fascism remain the same, they are in-fact exacerbated by this new hybrid model. It’s main weakness is the very fact that it is motivated by weaknesses, fear and greed - rather than true strength, self-confidence or heroic benevolent power, as their adherents like to believe.
A misconception of fascists themselves that it is based on strength, when it is actually based on weakness - even when the driving force is greed rather than fear. Libertarian fascists want to extract labour and materials at cheaper prices, while inflating their own asset values.
In other words; international financiers with little allegiance to any country. Ironically the very type of people who Conservative fascists claim to be opposed to.
Fascism claims to make society more successful, but it actually accelerates the destruction of the culture, country or people, rather than preserving and conserving it, because it betrays a fundamental weakness of insecurity. Competitors and rivals can easily see through the charade of and take advantage.
If anything does the exact opposite. Russian and China are clearly goading Western nations into becoming more divided and totalitarian, as they themselves benefit from becoming more Liberal and open and reap the competitive advantages that brings. See Kraut’s excellent video about Trump on China as an example.
Keynesian investment in the country and people, giving workers more rights, opportunities and a more bargaining power is what makes a country successful and innovative, rather than the faux Keynesian policy of giving kickbacks to corrupt officials for government contracts and widening inequality by supporting the already rich, rather than the ordinary people.

Who Benefits in This Memetic War?

Who is going to war with who? Who is winning? A modern adage is that tankies are just fascists because of their support of authoritarian proto-fascist leaders and regimes who often claim to be Communist.
But from my experience talking to actual fascists, they crave a more multi-polar world where other strong leaders rise up as competition and form alliances with dictators.
So to me, it looks like Fascists are the real Tankies; wishing our enemies be stronger and wanting to accelerate towards race war or civil war that weakens the society.
Not only did Donald Trump have knowledge of Russia allowing ISIS bounties on US troops and withhold that from the public while courting Putin, I have personally heard white supremacists backing extremists Islamists in Discord servers.
Trump jumped to the defense of the people who put a 17 year old with a gun against civil rights protesters and assumed the intent before saying that the outcome should be decided by the legal system.
They share common values and beliefs like Anti Semitism, accelerationist end-times fantasies, patriarchal traditional values and a fear of outside progressive cultures. In fact modern extremists white supremecist groups share recruitment and terrorist strategies and tactics with militant islamists.
You could argue that it was inflicted by Russian or Imperialist propagandists onto the German people in order to take control of larger areas of Europe after the destabilisation of war.
Hitler and Stalin came to a non agression truce called The Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact, which as was a secret non-aggression pact between Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union that enabled those two powers to partition Poland between them.
The pact, signed in Moscow on 23 August 1939 by German Foreign Minister Joachim von Ribbentrop and Soviet Foreign Minister Vyacheslav Molotov was officially known as the Treaty of Non-Aggression between Germany and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics.
They divided Poland under the banner of fighting “Polish Fascism” nearly a century ago with both sides ultimately lying to their own people about spreading freedom while being authoritarian to their core and being able to blame “the other” as being the cause of all their problems.
But these days fascism seems to be a rogue meme that no longer serves any particular group. It is pathologically damaging to any society that it happens to grip.
Even the aforementioned Libertarians and accelerationists who think they are benefiting are only temporarily gaining by market price volatility. They ultimately lose through the blowback effect of the whirlpool they create.

Psychopathy, Alienation Nihilism and Insecurity

It is well established that Fascist dictators are driven by psychopathic characters and tendencies. They either don’t care about the truth, or disregard it if it’s not convenient to their narrative.
In totalitarian despotic societies facts are reversed. As George Orwell proclaimed throughout his writings; “War is peace. Freedom is slavery. Ignorance is strength.”.
Similar to how authoritarian Starlinist Communists harnessed people’s alienation and tricked them into thinking that it’s possible for the state to fully decommodify everything without having markets, money to account for things, domination or hierarchy or try to convince people that a revolution is just around the corner.
But of course, a council representative is still the head of an organisation, for all intents and purposes, because they wield executive power over others, even if the name has changed. Markets are emergent properties when groups of humans want or need a certain commodity when it becomes available.
But while both Communist and Fascist ideologies are based on lies that harness peoples alienation, fear and envy, Fascism is also especially to the weak. It is attractive to those who want to be strong again (or were never to begin with), or those who want to have a strong leader to help them.
Fascism betrays to others the inherent weakness. Like the insecure kid in school who lashes out - others around can see that it is because of their own insecurity which makes them appear even weaker. Fascism is a psychopathy driven by insecurity.
When people become so absorbed in an ideology there is a phenomena of people to self identify as an actual ideology? This produces a phenomena called Identity Protective Cognition, where people's self worth becomes attached to a belief system or ideology. So that when new information contradicts their worldview it is seen as an attack on the person themselves.
Therefore irrational, emotional quick fix thinking is the default when there is too much pressure and they feel attacked. They no longer use their slow effortful reflective thinking. (See Daniel Kahneman - Thinking, Fast and Slow)
This approach has parallels in evolutionary biology, in which a central issue is the ability to adapt to changing environments. Competency - over-competitiveness in management causes chaos which STOPS hierarchies of competence. (Insert video clips of Sapolsky on Chaos vs Reductionism etc. timestamps linked).
Fascists try to reduce variability in culture and outcomes - causes weakness of less adaptability - because as Sapolsky explains, the variability is not just noise in that type of system CAS (Complex Adaptive Systems) - the variability IS the system. It is fractal and scale free. The noise and variability is an intrinsic part of the system.
But the system doesn’t function properly when the agreed-upon parameters that individuals believe to be true aren’t universal enough to have any form of group coherence.
Birds and swarms of animals can produce amazing complex phenomena, which are greater than the sum of their individual parts. There is a “network effect” once a certain threshold and certain conditions and rules are met.
These rules can be very simple, like repulsion or attraction, or staying a certain distance apart while traveling in a similar direction, but collectively they create patterns that emerge with complexity and I dear say, a certain amount of beauty.
So what happens when millions of people are being brainwashed and misled by cults that are leaving them with a reduced ability to make decisions?
Giving them shit-for-brains just so that some rich people at the top can pay a few percentage less tax? That is the sign of a deeply sick system that cannot continue to function effectively. It is sick on so many levels.

Emergence, Complexity and Human Evolution - A Social-Biological Analysis

The problem with viewing the world through only one lens of analysis (or bucket of knowledge) is that you can fall into unnecessarily reductive thinking. (Sapolsky clips)
I describe myself as a philosophical anarchist. Which does NOT mean I want total chaos and disorder - it means I want the optimal solution to emerge - including the influences and experiences from the bottom-up.
I also think that a bottom-up (or anarchist) lens of analysis is necessary for society to run cohesively in an optimal state. If it is repressed it distorts the overall picture of reality for everyone - similar to a CEO that doesn’t listen to employees and workers on the ground.
I interpret as constantly holding authority to account - to justify its existence and reason for dominating others. I also believe it is every citizen's responsibility to hold authority to account. This would be necessary under ANY economic system or society.
Anarchists also believe in stigmenric, rhizomatic action to make the world better, organically, not from a top-down authority, which fascism seeks to instill on society.
Human beings are collectively parts of a bigger chaotic but stable system known as a CAS (Complex Adaptive System). CAS’s are chaotic systems that can reach periodic steady states of equilibrium.
As Professor Sapolsky explains, humans uniquely exist with a mixture of both communal and individualistic tendencies; known in the scientific world as Tournament vs. pair bonding.
All the evidence suggests that this tendency has greatly improved our success as a species. But those tendencies distorted too far one way or another lead to pathologies and the worst collective misdeeds and wars.
Because as Professor Sapolsky also explains in his brilliant lecture series (which I have condensed the pertinent parts of into a 4 part YouTube video) about CAS; the signals coming from the randomness is being suppressed or repressed, it interferes with the functioning of the system.
Pressure in the system makes the patterns more complex but at a certain point of increasing pressure in the complex system, it stops being linear and the doubling of patterns and periodicity totally stops. Order completely begins to break down because of the butterfly effect.
Fascist regimes fettishise order and rigidity but in a complex adaptive system, the noise IS the phenomena, not a byproduct to be discarded, ignored or repressed.
The majority of people on the right genuinely want to help society by bringing order, using top-down draconian measures if necessary. Whereas the left generally wants to help society by proactively building from the bottom up.
I think both of these approaches are necessary to be balanced properly for a healthy functioning society to emerge.
It seems our tendency to harness both traits and to focus intently on one or the other is our greatest collective strength, while also being our greatest weakness.
And similarly, on an individual level I believe our greatest strengths and weakness are the fact that our brains work efficiently by categorising information to filter out the unimportant bits that slow us down.
As the book by Daniel Kahneman - Thinking, Fast and Slow, brilliantly explains, slow deliberate, consideration thinking takes energy and time, so our brains developed filters which come out as biases. This is an inherent weakness of the human brain.
Now imagine the butterfly effect on the life of just one person who is influenced by the brainworms of QAnon cults or conspiracies which distorts their internal models of the world which they use to filter information about the world
The sad and shocking stories on forums like QanonCasualties show the devastating effects on their close friends, family and work life - amplified by their ever increasingly disconnected lives. (insert Flat earther clip - zoom in on idiot rolling head)
Now scale that up to the level of a whole of a society, a country, or the world? This is a collective madness to cope with and avoid the reality facing us as a species.
Only collective action with agreed basic facts to work from will do to avoid the total descent into actual chaos and destruction.

TLDR; Conclusion and Final Thoughts

In this essay I will have put forward the case for the following four key arguments being true and I have present supporting evidence to explain the logical reasoning for why our current definitions need updating and the threat levels reassed, from a non-hysterical but critical perspective. The overall claims I made are:
  1. Modern Fascism has taken over right-wing populism and bears all the hallmarks of early 20th Century Fascist ideologies.
  2. The ideology has two main reasons to exist, and two distinct audiences which both have a symbiotic, pathological relationship with each other.
  3. The main flaws and weaknesses of fascist ideology remain the same as ever - that fascism is motivated by irrational fears, greed and self deception.
  4. Modern Fascism has major unforeseen damaging consequences for individuals, governments, organisational dynamics, and society at large.
This reality is something I think a lot of fascists, ultra-nationalists and people who have been influenced by the propaganda know deep down on some level already - that they are avoiding the realities of pandemics and ecological harms of ignoring science and reality as it is.
They ignore it because fantasies are simpler to understand. And a narrative based on fear of the other is a simpler way to to process a complex world.
It is also attractive to the part of us that is drawn to conflict and drama - that hunger for something genuinely interesting to happen.
But I would argue from my experience that the beautiful complexity of life in all it’s shades of grey is much more interesting, fun and genuinely fulfilling to understand and engage in, even if it might be harder to deal with and harder to explain.
I believe it is also vital for the very survival of our species.
Thank you to my two Patrons:
Carmen Jongepier
E.V. Roske
(PS, Please, please consider helping me directly as a one off or regularly through Patron to help me continue to make content like and turn it into a high quality video this while surviving, I have just been dumped by my long term partner, I have a long-term physical disability limiting me while struggling to claim the benefits I’m entitled to and have paid into all my life. I now need to move out because I can’t afford to live here anymore on my own. I needed to finish this project before I could get on with other things in my life but I desperately need to focus on fixing myself now I have got this out)
Original Script on Patreon
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Quelle est la valeur intrinsèque de Bitcoin ? que veut dire "posséder ses données" ?

La valeur intrinsèque de Bitcoin est la valeur que vous accorderiez à la liberté de posséder vos propres données numériques. Nous sommes nombreux à ne pas encore être habitués à cette liberté, tout comme nous n'étions pas habitués aux téléphones portables ou à Internet, mais une fois que nous en aurons fait l'expérience, nous nous demanderons comment nous avons pu vivre sans elle!
Mais que veut vraiment dire "posséder ses données" ?

Posséder vos données, c'est posséder votre avenir

L'informaticien britannique Tim Berners-Lee est crédité pour avoir inventé le Web en 1989 lorsqu'il a mis en œuvre la première communication réussie entre un client Hypertext et un serveur via Internet.
Et oui car il y a bien une différence entre le Web et Internet. Le Web est le système qui permet de naviguer de pages en pages en cliquant sur des liens dans un navigateur. Internet est le réseau ou l'infrastructure et le Web est un service sur ce réseau. Aujourd'hui le terme Internet est souvent utilisé comme englobant les deux.
Tim Berners-Lee avait ceci à dire à propos de la propriété des données: «Les clients doivent avoir le contrôle de leurs propres données - ne pas être liés à un certain fabricant, de sorte qu'en cas de problème, ils sont toujours obligés de revenir vers eux.»
Il décrit là des sites comme Facebook ou Twitter, mais si même le créateur du web nous explique que les sites les plus utilisés aujourd'hui ne respectent pas la propriété des données, que pouvons nous y faire ?

Posséder vos données, c'est aussi éviter de vous faire manipuler

"Posséder vos données, c'est posséder votre avenir." Cela semble assez simple. Mais pensez à la signification réciproque de cette déclaration. Si quelqu'un d'autre possède vos données, quelqu'un d'autre est propriétaire de votre avenir. Oui, c'est une pensée effrayante.
On peut penser que posséder ses données se limite au contenu que vous créez, mais ce n'est pas vrai. Des sites comme Facebook, Google ou Twitter sont désormais bien connus pour avoir un pris un rôle de contrôleurs et manipulateurs de l'information. Pour donner un exemple il a été prouvé que Google manipule les résultats de recherches, un employé qui à travaillé chez google pendant 8 ans avoue:
"J'ai vu quelque chose de sombre et de néfaste se passer dans l'entreprise et j'ai réalisé qu'ils allaient non seulement fausser les élections mais aussi utiliser cette falsification pour essentiellement tenter de renverser le pays." interview complète ici (en anglais)
Posséder ses données, c'est donc tout autant posséder le contrôle sur les algorithmes que vous utilisez pour vous informer.
Maintenant, je veux parler du contrôle que la propriété de vos données vous donne et comment commencer à récupérer ce pouvoir dès maintenant.

Comment Bitcoin peut vous redonner le pouvoir sur vos données

Vos données personnelles et financières sont empruntées, utilisées, volées et vendues à un rythme alarmant. Les pirates informatiques ont accédé à des données sensibles de clients de Yahoo (1 milliard), eBay (145 millions) ou encore Uber (57 millions). Equifax, la société que nous payons pour assurer la sécurité de nos données financières, a commis une faille où 143 millions de personnes se sont fait voler leur numéro de sécurité sociale, leur adresse et leur numéro de permis de conduire. Facebook possède des données personnelles sur 32% de la population mondiale.
Alors que la plupart des données sont transmises volontairement en échange d'une utilisation gratuite ou à prix réduit des services en ligne, le sentiment du marché semble évoluer en faveur de solutions plus privées où les utilisateurs conservent un plus grand contrôle sur leurs données.
Même si la demande de propriété des données semble crédible, aucune alternative n'est apparue ou n'a gagné du terrain pour le moment. Le manque de concurrence envers les géants de la monétisation des données comme Facebook et Google peut indiquer des problèmes plus fondamentaux avec nos vies en ligne.
Le rôle de la blockchain dans la propriété des données n'est pas une idée nouvelle. De nombreuses cryptomonnaies ont inclus la propriété ou la monétisation des données dans leur raison d'être. Cette vision a largement échoué à se concrétiser. Le principal problème lié à ces solutions est leur incapacité à passer à l'échelle. Mais cela est en train de changer.
De toutes les principales versions de Bitcoin, il y en a une qui accorde la plus grande importance au passage à l'échelle. Le principal moyen de grandir a été de supprimer les limitations imposées par d'autres versions de Bitcoin et de revenir le plus fidèlement possible au protocole original. Nous pensons que cette conception originale aligne les incitations économiques pour permettre à la blockchain de s'adapter à la demande actuelle ou anticipée. Ce point de vue a été largement confirmé. Après avoir fonctionné de manière indépendante depuis 2018, le débit maximal est déjà 2000 fois supérieur à celui du leader du marché. À grande échelle, Bitcoin peut être utilisé comme plus qu'un registre de transactions financières. Les transactions Bitcoin peuvent inclure tout type de données. Maintenant, cette version est la seule incluant activement des données non financières sur la blockchain comme cas d'utilisation majeur. En fait, beaucoup de participants de cet écosystème considèrent le stockage de données non financières comme le principal cas d'utilisation de Bitcoin.
Découvrez toutes les applications Bitcoin sur le MetaStore.
En raison de cette échelle supérieure et croissante, les entrepreneurs affluent. Parmi les problèmes rencontrés par cette nouvelle génération de penseurs de Bitcoin, il y a le manque de contrôle des utilisateurs sur leurs données personnelles. Alors que la capacité de Bitcoin continue d'augmenter, son rôle dans un futur où la souveraineté des données est largement disponible devient de plus en plus important. Avec Bitcoin en tant que système de paiement mondial, de backend d'applications, de base de données et d'enregistrement horodaté immutable, l'avenir de l'économie des données est l'une des nombreuses autres options pour les particuliers et les entreprises - un avenir d'opportunités économiques accrues.
Qu'est-ce que la propriété des données sur Bitcoin?
La beauté de l'information est que vous pouvez la donner à quelqu'un d'autre sans la perdre vous-même. Les avantages en sont évidents, mais cela pose des problèmes de sécurité difficiles. Chaque fois que vous partagez des informations avec quelqu'un, il y a un risque qu'il les expose à quelqu'un que vous ne voudriez pas. Bitcoin ne peut pas résoudre ce problème, bien qu'il puisse augmenter l'efficacité des contrats autour de la gestion des données et de l'application de ces contrats. Ce que Bitcoin peut faire, c'est réduire considérablement le besoin de transmettre vos données personnelles en premier lieu. Pour certains, moins il y a d'entreprises qui disposent de leurs données, mieux c'est. Pour tout le monde, moins il y a d'entreprises qui ont leurs données, moins les données sont volées par des pirates. En plus de réduire la nécessité pour les applications de collecter des données, Bitcoin facilite également le dégroupage des applications du stockage de données. Cela donne aux utilisateurs un meilleur contrôle sur leurs données et crée un paysage d'applications plus compétitif. Enfin, Bitcoin offre aux entreprises confrontées à des coûts de gestion des données augmentant rapidement, un moyen simple de maintenir la qualité des produits sans avoir à conserver les données personnelles des utilisateurs.
Les micropaiements pour nous libérer de la publicité
D'un point de vue commercial, le but de la plupart des collectes de données est de vendre des publicités. Les publicités sont omniprésentes dans notre expérience en ligne. En fait, il est difficile d'imaginer la vie sans publicités ciblées sur chaque page. Cependant cela ne signifie pas que la publicité est un modèle naturel ou efficace pour générer des revenus en ligne.
Notre réalité dominée par la publicité découle de nos options de paiement limitées en ligne. Les paiements par carte de crédit sont la norme. Les frais commencent souvent à 0,30€, ce qui rend les petits paiements économiquement irréalisables. Même sur le géant chinois des paiements Alipay, la plus petite taille de paiement possible est de 1 CNY soit environ 0,15€. Parce que les options de paiement sont limitées et coûteuses pour les montants inférieurs à 5€, il est souvent difficile de facturer des informations, qui ont régulièrement une valeur commerciale en centimes ou même en microcentimes.
Considérez cette question. Dans l'économie actuelle, quelle vidéo est la plus intéressante à créer:
- une vidéo où 100 millions de personnes paieraient 0,1 centime pour voir
- une vidéo que 100 personnes paieraient 1 000€ pour voir
- ou une vidéo que 1 million de personnes paieraient 1€ pour voir?
La valeur pour les consommateurs de la vidéo à 1€ est la plus élevée d'un facteur 10, mais c'est la moins précieuse pour le producteur dans l'environnement de paiement actuel. Il est impossible de collecter 1€ auprès d'un million de personnes lorsque 10 millions de vues sur une vidéo YouTube génèrent environ 0,01 centime par clic et que les solutions existantes fonctionnent pour le contenu premium. Du point de vue de l'annonceur, la capacité à générer des clics est bien plus importante que la valeur réelle pour le consommateur.
Combien paieriez-vous pour une recherche Google? Ce n'est probablement pas 1€, mais cela pourrait facilement être 1c (1centime). À 20 recherches par jour, 1c par recherche génère un coût de 73€ par an. Les consommateurs préfèrent-ils ce coût à la remise de l'intégralité de leur historique de recherche à Google? Un meilleur produit de recherche peut-il être proposé si les revenus sont générés par recherche plutôt que par le biais d'un modèle d'annonce? Les réponses à ces questions ne viendront pas tant que de meilleures solutions de paiement ne seront pas largement utilisées. La bonne nouvelle est que la technologie de paiement existe aujourd'hui dans Bitcoin (BSV).
Les frais de transaction Bitcoin (BSV) médians sont actuellement de 0.00035€ et en baisse. Des applications comme Money Button rendent le paiement avec Bitcoin extrêmement facile. La conversion vers et depuis Bitcoin (BSV) entraîne toujours des coûts conséquents, mais comme de plus en plus d'utilisateurs sont disposés à en détenir, l'efficacité des micropaiements en tant que moyen de générer des revenus en ligne augmente. Alternativement, il peut être utilisé comme backend pour les versions tokenisées de monnaies fiduciaires qui peuvent également bénéficier des faibles frais sur le réseau Bitcoin. Alors que le coût d'envoi continue de baisser, le modèle publicitaire sera mis à l'épreuve. Les géants financés par la publicité peuvent-ils concurrencer les entreprises qui facturent des tarifs extrêmement bas pour leurs services? Les produits financés par la publicité peuvent-ils concurrencer l'expérience utilisateur d'une alternative qui tire la majorité de son financement de micropaiements? Pour certains utilisateurs, la réponse est certainement non. Pour ces utilisateurs, le besoin de transmettre leurs données personnelles est considérablement réduit, ce qui signifie une expérience de commerce en ligne beaucoup plus privée et sécurisée.
Dissociation les données des applications, le secret du Metanet
La plupart des applications impliquent aujourd'hui de consommer, générer, partager ou modifier des données. Ces données dynamiques sont de plus en plus stockées sur des serveurs cloud privés plutôt que sur une machine locale. Les serveurs basés sur le cloud offrent beaucoup d'efficacité, mais nous devons transmettre nos données pour profiter de ces gains d'efficacité.
Bitcoin est comme un serveur cloud surpuissant. Il existe de nombreux processeurs de transactions Bitcoin à travers le monde. Chacun est incité à conserver une copie complète de la base de données des transactions. Bitcoin donne à vos données une redondance implicite et une livraison facile puisque le réseau est mondial. De plus, il devient constamment plus efficace et moins coûteux à utiliser. Bitcoin est en passe de devenir le plus grand CDN (réseau de diffusion de contenu) de la planète. De plus, il est immutable. Cela signifie que nous pouvons être sûrs que les données stockées sur la blockchain Bitcoin aujourd'hui seront pour toujours inchangés. Les implications de cela vont de l'avantage apparemment insignifiant de faire des liens morts une chose du passé à l'avantage plus profond d'avoir un enregistrement de la vérité. Cette propriété d'immutabilité n'est pas vraie pour les opérateurs de cloud privé qui peuvent facilement modifier, perdre, supprimer ou supprimer l'accès aux données des utilisateurs. Ajoutez à ça la création de plusieurs honeypot de données, c'est-à-dire une grande concentration de données sur un seul système, pour attirer les hackeurs. Même des géants du web comme Target ont démontré une sécurité des données incroyablement inférieure aux normes avec des pirates informatiques utilisant des données de carte de crédit non cryptées aussi récemment qu'en 2015.
Comment le Metanet peut mieux protéger votre vie privée
À première vue, les données stockées sur une blockchain publique peuvent sembler beaucoup moins privées que les données stockées sur un cloud comme AWS (Amazon Web Services). Cependant, même si les données Bitcoin peuvent être lues par n'importe qui, des techniques simples peuvent être utilisées pour faire de la blockchain un endroit extrêmement privé et sécurisé pour le stockage de données. Les techniques de cryptage standard permettent de stocker les données de manière cryptée et privée. Les utilisateurs de Bitcoin peuvent également générer une nouvelle paire de clés publique et privée pour chaque transaction. Cela signifie que les divers composants de l'ensemble de données d'un individu peuvent être liés à des adresses distinctes qui ne peuvent pas être connectées à moins que cet individu ne fournisse un moyen de le faire. De nouvelles techniques sont constamment développées pour accroître la souveraineté des données. Prenons comme exemple les preuves à connaissance nulle. Initialement appliquées à la blockchain pour prouver des fonds suffisants pour le paiement sans révéler le total des fonds, ces preuves à connaissance nulle peuvent être utilisées pour exécuter des fonctions telles que prouver son âge sans exposer sa date de naissance!
Libérez vos données des réseaux sociaux
Le stockage de données sur la blockchaine peut servir de police d'assurance contre des entreprises puissantes comme Facebook, dont les taux d'approbation ont chuté en dessous de 50% dans un sondage de mars 2018. Même avec un public aigri sur les pratiques commerciales de Facebook, relativement peu de personnes ont quitté leur plate-forme. Pourquoi? Vos données sont retenues en otage: extraire vos amis, vos photos, vos statuts et tout le reste sur une autre plate-forme n'est pas faisable. Si ces données étaient stockées sur la blockchain, elles le seraient.
Twetch , une nouvelle startup similaire à Twitter, est basée sur Bitcoin. L'interface utilisateur est similaire, mais il existe deux différences majeures. La première différence est que toutes les données sont stockées sur la blockchain. Cela signifie qu'un utilisateur insatisfait pourrait conserver ses tweet si un concurrent émergeait. Il est même possible pour plusieurs entreprises de servir le même ensemble de données et de rivaliser sur la conception, les fonctionnalités ou le prix. Les techniques de cryptage pourraient également être utilisées pour autoriser sélectivement différentes plates-formes pour des éléments de contenu spécifiques. Twetch utilise également des micropaiements pour fournir une expérience utilisateur supérieure. En facturant quelques centimes pour les tweet, les suivis, les likes et les commentaires, le coût du spam de Twetch avec des faux comptes et des likes devient prohibitif, ce qui réduit le spam à zéro. De plus, étant donné que la majeure partie de ces paiements va au créateur de contenu, un twetcher populaire peut gagner de l'argent s'il produit du contenu apprécié par ses abonnés.
La plus grande base de données jamais créée
En fin de compte, nous nous attendons à ce que le stockage sur blockchain soit moins cher que l'utilisation de fournisseurs de services cloud comme AWS. Nous pensons que les économies de coûts et la souveraineté accrue des données conduiront à une migration massive vers des applications stockant des données sur la blockchain sur un horizon de 5 à 10 ans. Le stockage des données au même endroit conduit à d'autres gains d'efficacité difficiles à imaginer dans le paradigme actuel.
Nous nous attendons à ce qu'une efficacité similaire émerge parmi les applications. L'interopérabilité des applications devient beaucoup plus facile car les données sont stockées sur Bitcoin, ce qui permet aux innovations d'interfaces utilisateurs de proliférer. Les méthodes innovantes de distribution des données à partir de la plus grande base de données jamais créée proliféreront dans l'économie Bitcoin. Le PDG de Planaria Corp prédit que BitcoinSV sera la solution au problème mondial des données et il construit les outils pour débloquer cet avenir de données basé sur Bitcoin.
Faciliter la conformité en laissant les utilisateurs libres
Les lois européennes sur la confidentialité GDPR, la loi brésilienne LGPD et les lois californiennes sur la confidentialité des consommateurs peuvent être une réaction aux scandales Cambridge Analytica et Facebook, mais elles entraînent également d'énormes amendes et des coûts de conformité qui changent le paysage technologique, en particulier la façon dont les entreprises gèrent les données. Les entreprises doivent utilisent de nouvelles technologies de stockage pour empêcher les données de traverser les frontières afin de se conformer aux nouvelles lois.
Les entreprises qui offrent des tarifs plus compétitifs aux utilisateurs grâce à la blockchain mèneront à l'adoption de Bitcoin en tant que backend d'application public contrôlé par les utilisateurs. La possibilité de facturer de petits paiements plutôt que de monétiser les données personnelles est une autre aubaine pour les entreprises qui cherchent à réduire les coûts de conformité.
La deuxième naissance de Bitcoin
Aux débuts de Bitcoin, les paiements classiques ressemblaient à une industrie en retard sur le reste du monde, une cible facile pour innover via la blockchain. En refusant de se développer de manière agressive, Bitcoin (BTC) a laissé tomber sa chance en laissant la place à une nouvelle génération de startups fintech qui sont venues combler le vide. Mais les problèmes mondiaux liés aux données ne seront probablement pas résolus aussi facilement.
Les plus grandes entreprises du monde sont inextricablement liées à un modèle de revenus publicitaires basé sur les données. Sans Bitcoin, il n'y a aucun moyen pratique de résoudre ces problèmes fondamentaux. Bien que le rôle de Bitcoin dans l'augmentation de la souveraineté des données n'ait pas réussi à atteindre un large public à ce stade, son potentiel est clairement perçu par les entrepreneurs. Certains de ces entrepreneurs cherchent à utiliser Bitcoin depuis des années mais ont été contrariés par les caprices des développeurs du protocole de BTC. D'autres entrepreneurs ont trouvé la vision de BitcoinSV de la blockchain en tant que base de données mondiale beaucoup plus captivante que le concept d'or numérique de BTC. Ce qui unit tous ces entrepreneurs, c'est la conviction que Bitcoin à grande échelle changera la nature de la façon dont les individus traitent et interagissent avec leurs données.

Découvrez Twetch ou Baemail ou découvrez toutes les applications Bitcoin sur le MetaStore
submitted by zhell_ to BitcoinSVFrance [link] [comments]

Wanting to invest 20k in XRP (crypto) due to the big banks and their use cases. Thoughts and alternatives? Would love to hear them!

I want to invest 20k in XRP, according to AustralianfinTech;
“Westpac Banking Corp, National Australia Bank, Macquarie Group and nine other international members of the R3 consortium have completed a trial of blockchain technology which saw funds transferred between banks across borders using Ripple’s cryptocurrency XRP....”
“Westpac says RBA-issued digital currency would boost blockchain”
This is for Australia at the moment, personally I’ve taken a break from altcoins and just hodling; so would love some ideas for an Aussie crypto investor in terms of alt coins and/or bitcoin investment with the sum being up to 20k AUD.
Open to hear your thoughts about this and perhaps maybe alternatives if XRP isn’t the best way to go? My thinking around this is if the big banks of Australia are getting in on it, and actual use case for the blockchain; it seemingly sounds viable. Please do feel free to correct me!
I’m also open to other avenues besides blockchain altcoins; such as anything bringing 8-12% returns p.a.
Thanks all, looking forward to your thoughts and suggestions.
EDIT: I am, financially speaking - very well off. This 20k is merely just me looking for other avenues for passive income. My properties are doing well, but now that use cases are internationally becoming accepted due to their former xRapid facade, liquidity and what not. Just struck me as an opportunity. Thanks so much for The replies guys!
submitted by PsychiatricCliq to investing [link] [comments]

Daily Crypto Brief for Friday, June 26, 2020.

This is your ITB Media Daily Crypto Brief for Friday, June 26, 2020.
In Mainstream Financial News.
CNBC reports: Here’s what a new SEC chair could mean for crypto, according to Bitcoin investor Michael Novogratz
A potential change at the top of United States’ main securities regulator could be a good thing for cryptocurrencies, investor Michael Novogratz said on Monday.

Bloomberg Headline: Lobbyist Jack Abramoff Charged in CryptoCurrency Case, U.S. Says
Jack Abramoff, the onetime Washington insider who went to prison in a lobbying scandal, was charged by the U.S. with illegally lobbying for a fraudulent cryptocurrency project. Abramoff has agreed to plead guilty to conspiracy and violating the Lobbying Disclosure Act and faces as long as five years in prison, according to a court filing and U.S. Attorney David Anderson in San Francisco.

The Asia Times Reports: Australians can pay for bitcoin at post office
Australians Can Now Pay for Bitcoin at 3,500 Australia Post Offices. Australian residents can now pay for bitcoin at more than 3,500 national post offices. The new service launched by Bitcoin.com.au is aimed at promoting cryptocurrencies to mainstream audiences, alongside established businesses and organizations.

Wall Street Journal Headline: Lobbyist Jack Abramoff Charged With Fraud
On June 25th, 2020, lobbyist Jack Abramoff and CEO Roland Marcus Andrade were charged in San Francisco federal court with fraud in connection with a $5 million cryptocurrancy deal. Abramoff has agreed to a negotiated plea of guilty.

Forbes Headline: Legendary Investor Jim Rogers Warns Governments Will Have To ‘Eliminate’ Bitcoin
Bitcoin has made its fair share of enemies since it was created a little over ten years ago. ... Now, legendary investor Jim Rogers has warned bitcoin and similar "virtual currencies beyond the influence of the government" will not be allowed to survive—and said the bitcoin price is headed to zero.

In Crypto Publications headlines.

Bitcoin Dropping to $6K ‘Golden Pocket’ Isn’t Bearish, Says Trader by Cointelegraph
Bitcoin (BTC) could crash to $6,000 and still remain bullish, one trader claimed on June 26 as the largest cryptocurrency tested $9,000 support. In a Twitter analysis, the popular trader known as SteveCrypt0 offered an alternative to the bearish sentiment coming from markets this week. Trader: $6K is “healthy correction”

Trio of Bitcoin Tokens Lures DeFi Yield Farmers to New Pastures by CoinDesk

To recap, Synthetix is a platform for minting and exchanging synthetic tokens that mirror the price of other assets. On June 19, Synthetix joined the Ren Project and BitGo in creating a pool of bitcoin-backed tokens, for smooth liquidity between three crypto products that should be all but interchangeable. Plus, each of the DeFi platforms is promising token rewards in order to get more participation in the pool. This pool of sBTC, renBTC and WBTC lives on Curve, an automated market maker that has extremely low price slippage thanks in part to its specialization in stablecoins.

CryptoNews reports on its front page: Blockchain Game Firm Releases Samsung Phone Featuring a Crypto Wallet
Samsung has released three special-edition Galaxy smartphones in conjunction with WeMade Tree, the blockchain arm of South Korean gaming giant WeMade. The devices are customized versions of the Samsung Galaxy S20, S20+ and S20 Ultra, but come pre-loaded with WeMade Tree’s Wemix cryptocurrency wallet. According to a sales platform created for the phones, the most expensive of the three devices is priced at USD 1,329. This has been your ITB Media Daily Crypto Brief for Friday, June 26, 2020.
submitted by Gigantile to Bitcoin [link] [comments]

Coronavirus, Occult Numerology, and the number "33"

Even the mere mention of "numerology" or the word "occult" causes a significant portion of folks to simply shut down. This has been done by design, as there is an entire universe and realm in the occult that TPTB operate in, and this entire operation hinges on the disbelief of the masses.
It doesn't matter if YOU don't believe in it, THEY do.
For example, the MH370 incident was filled with "37s".
If you'll notice, the listing of "37's" in this thread was added as an afterthought (so not the main subject of that thread), and yet it was literally picked up by Time.com and then mocked on the Colbert Report as an example of "crazy" redditors. Looks like I hit too close to home on that one!
Another example of confirmation bias coming from the debunkers is when they claim that you can find patterns like this using ANY number.
OK, that might be true, but denying the significance of numbers like "33" creates a woefully incomplete picture.
The number "33" might be one the numbers with the most loaded occult symbolism, and dismissing its connection to the coronavirus exercise is doing the alternative research community a disservice.
Let's see how many coronavirus articles we can find that inserts some version of "33" into the title or the story:
With 33 coronavirus cases, Thailand still welcomes Chinese tourists
China imposes travel restrictions on 33 million people as virus toll climbs
Shocking X-rays show effect that killer virus had on 33-year-old's vital organs
California Monitoring 8,400 People for Coronavirus, 33 Have Tested Positive
Singapore raises alert level as coronavirus cases jump to 33
33 close contacts of Italian woman infected with coronavirus confined to home
No signs of Coronavirus in 33 who returned from Wuhan
Diamond Princess cruise ship: number of cases spike 33%
Coronavirus: Almost 3300 have died
Bill Gates ‘predicted’ how coronavirus-like pandemic could spread saying 33 MILLION may die in first six months
Japan has confirmed around 10 more cases of coronavirus among passengers on a cruise ship with 3,700 [3700! MH370...] people aboard, bringing the total number of infections in the country to 33.
Pakistan among 33 countries that provided medical supplies to fight coronavirus
33-year-old Chinese woman gives birth to a health baby
Germany's first coronavirus case is a 33-year-old man
The forecast Chinese hit in the first quarter will shave about €33 million off group sales for the year
Chinese state media reported that 585 samples taken at the market yielded 33 positive matches for the coronavirus’s DNA
33 patients in the Netherlands
The city of Tianjin on high alert, 33 patients linked to a department store
The CDC reports 33 confirmed cases of coronavirus (COVID-19) in the U.S
Coronavirus: 33 Fragen, die sich jeder Unternehmer jetzt stellen sollte
TWICE’s Nayeon donates £33k to coronavirus relief efforts in South Korea
Coronavirus, 33 strutture al vaglio per la quarantena in Umbria: «Ancora nessuna scelta»
Il Coronavirus in 33 Comuni del territorio. Il maggior numero di contagi a Cremona
Coronavirus in Spain: 33 positive cases and hundreds of people under active surveillance
Stock Market Lost Value of 33 Bitcoin Markets in One Week
Coronavirus: 33 potential cases are analyzed in Quebec
With 33 in isolation, a look at how Delhi is battling coronavirus crisis
33 coronavirus cases in Bay Area
There are already 33 suspected cases of coronavirus analyzed by Malbrán, four of them today
Additional Coronavirus Death Reported in S. Korea, Raising Death Toll to 33
Lululemon forced to close 33 stores in China due to coronavirus
Japan recorded 33 new cases of coronavirus on Wednesday
'Nothing can stop it now': Dire coronavirus warning as two Australians who HADN'T travelled overseas are struck down with the killer virus - bringing the number of cases to 33
Sweden: Coronavirus cases up to 33
Canada now at 33 confirmed cases of coronavirus
EU Sees 33 Coronavirus Cases So Far
Business activity in China is at 33% of its pre-coronavirus norm
The total number of confirmed cases in England is now 33
Thailand reports 1 new case of coronavirus, brings total to 33
Boston health officials monitoring 33 people who could develop coronavirus
Coronavirus: 33 suspected cases all test negative – GHS boss
California confirms 33 cases of new coronavirus
Bahrain confirms all 33 coronavirus cases ‘not at risk and are in recovery’
Why does the Wuhan coronavirus genome end in aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa (33 a's)?
33## Coronavirus ##33
Compilation of 33's in News regarding CoronaVirus
Bizarre: Coronavirus and the Number 33
submitted by axolotl_peyotl to conspiracy [link] [comments]

Top Futurology News - For the week of Jan 31, 2020

Top Futurology News - For the week of Jan 31, 2020

https://preview.redd.it/tqsh8pba7fe41.png?width=1916&format=png&auto=webp&s=9a7ad2c9f90e9e47c3790967fe781be5e16ed33e
We hope you enjoy this week's update!
Links to all original sources below the super long image showcasing this weeks' stories.
submitted by _FuturistechInfo to singularity [link] [comments]

License to Kill – Bond(s) explained

The below is the text from my latest blog post about bonds, if you want to see the original with pretty pictures, charts, graphs etc then click on this link.
Ok, the title is an obvious dad joke, but as it happens it still fits in with my naming convention for posts so happy days! On to more serious stuff.
The most common proposed asset allocation for people pursuing FIRE seems to involve having absolutely as much invested in equities (or to a lesser extent property) as possible, and reducing every other asset class to as little as possible. Which is certainly one way of doing things, and given the great performance of shares and property over the last 20 years or more there is an argument to be made for doing things this way.
It’s certainly not the only way of doing things though, and I will be trying to show why there is a case to be made for investing some money in other asset classes, in particular Fixed Income aka Bonds.
So what are bonds?
Bonds are a type of debt that is issued by governments, semi-government organisations, and corporations, so basically you’re lending them money. In Australia we also have what are called hybrid securities, but they’ve got some big enough differences that I’ll talk about them in a future post (probably).
Bonds are also one of those fun areas where there is an exception to every rule, so although what I’ve written below is broadly accurate there is always going to be some type of bond or a specific issue that breaks one of the rules.
So please don’t be an internet hero and “well ackshually” me about premium redemption/issue bonds, soft calls, hard calls, investor puts, floaters, PIK notes and all the rest of it because broadly speaking it isn’t going to make much difference for the purposes of explaining bonds. Basically play nice readers!
Talk numbers to me…
Bonds are all about math. As I’m sure regular readers of this blog can imagine this makes me very happy, and probably explains in part why I spent a large part of my career working in an area where understanding bonds was crucial, although to make things more interesting we added on a bunch of other stuff like equity options, credit derivatives, FX etc.
The main numbers to think about are the price you paid for the bond, the coupon on the bond, the yield on the bond, the time to maturity, and the maturity value of the bond. From those main numbers we also derive a bunch of other numbers I’ll talk about later.
Bonds are normally issued at a price of 100, with a fixed coupon (interest payment based on the maturity value of the bond) and a fixed maturity value at a known maturity date. So that’s 4 of the numbers covered already, happy days!
A lot of the time though you’re not going to be buying that bond when it is issued, you’ve buying it when it’s already trading in which case chances are pretty good you didn’t pay 100 for the bond. Buying it along the way doesn’t affect the coupon or the redemption amount at maturity or when it matures.
What it does affect though is the yield. There are a bunch of different yield measures but I’m going to go with yield to maturity, ie what yield (return) will you get if you hold the bond to maturity.
It’s not a perfect analogy, but one way to think about bonds is that they’re like a term deposit where the amount that you can buy it for moves around. If you buy a bond for $10,000 that is going to mature in a year and it has a 2% coupon and redeems for $10,200 (redemption price plus coupon payment), then your yield (2%) is the same as your coupon (2%).
But if interest rates have changed and so the price of the bond has changed and you buy that bond for $9,900 or $10,100, then your yield will be different from your coupon, either 3% or 1% respectively. Hopefully that makes sense? BTW I’ve rounded the numbers here to try and keep it nice and simple.
Most bonds pay interest on a semi annual basis (I used an annual payment in the example above to make things easier) so to figure out how much interest you get when it gets paid it’ll be the coupon divided by two.
Hopefully all of that makes sense, if not let me know in the comments.
Issuers of Bonds
As I said above the main issuers of bonds are governments, semi government organisations, and corporations.
Debt issued by governments is generally the safest type, because so long as they control the printing press then they can always print more money to pay you back. The Eurozone is a bit of an exception to this (understatement of the year) but in most of the other major sovereign bond markets like the US, Australian, the UK etc it’s true.
Emerging markets are a bit different because they often issue debt in USD, which means that if things go pear shaped then they can’t just print more money to pay off bondholders.
There can also be issues with getting your money back from sovereigns if they have too much debt, such as when they either don’t control the printing press (Greece) or the bond is issued in a different currency (Argentina) but for the most part if you lend money to a developed country in their own currency then you can pretty reliably count on getting your money back.
There are also bonds issued by semi government organisations like the World Bank, European Bank for Reconstruction and Development etc, these are slightly less safe for the most part but you’re still not taking on much risk of not getting your money back.
Debt issued by corporations is riskier, partly because businesses obviously can’t just print more money to pay you back, and because corporations can and do go bust. Sure it doesn’t seem likely that Telstra or Woolworths or the big banks are going to blow up any time soon, but there are plenty of other bond issuers out there with much more fragile finances.
As you would expect the more risk you are taking on the more return you want in order to be compensation for doing so. This is because unlike a term deposit the value of your capital isn’t protected. If you put $10,000 into a term deposit for a year with an interest rate of 2%, then you know that in a year’s time you will get back that $10,000 plus $200 in interest.
If for some reason the bank you invested that money through goes bust, the government will make you whole (up to the value of $250,000 per entity per approved deposit institution.
If you invest in a corporate bond and the company goes bust, well you’re probably not going to get all or maybe any of your money back. The good news is that you’re more likely to get money back than equity holders, but if the debts of the company are a lot more than the assets then you’re going to be in trouble.
There’s a clear framework for what happens if a company goes bust and who gets paid first and in how much etc, the short version of this is that equity holders are absolutely last in line but depending on what type of bonds you own you may not be a meaningful better position either.
And unlike a stock, when you own a bond you don’t own a piece of the issuer of the bond, you just own part of their devt. So if the company does great and starts making a fortune, you as a bondholder don’t get paid any more than what the terms of the bond state. Basically you can get a fair chunk of the downside and none of the upside beyond the terms of the bond. On the plus side this doesn’t happen particularly often, most of the time you’ll get what you were promised
Bond ratings
Now obviously some companies are more secure and stable than others. If you take a bond from the biggest company in the ASX200 which is CBA, then it’s more likely to fulfil the terms of the bond than whatever the 200th company is. That’s not to say the 200th company won’t, just that there is more risk. The actual degree of this risk is quantified in a couple of different ways.
First of all there are ratings agencies out there who will assign a rating from anywhere to super safe (AAA) to D (in default) with a bunch of graduations in between. Anything rated from AAA to BBB- is what is called Investment Grade (IG), everything below that is called High Yield (HY) or less politely Junk.
Just because a bond is IG doesn’t guarantee it will pay off, likewise something which is HY isn’t guaranteed or even likely to fail. For the most part though the different ratings given tend to play out that way in the real world, with far less defaults for bonds rated AAA vs bonds rated BB for example.
The big three ratings agencies are Standard & Poors (S&P), Moodys, and Fitch, and between them they’ll rate most of the bonds and/or issuers. They tend to be fairly backward looking in my opinion, and they were hugely and obviously wrong on rating mortgage backed securities back in the GFC. Still, they will generally give you a reasonable idea of the creditworthiness of the bond issuer.
Because bonds are also traded in the marketplace you can take the yield offered on a bond with a particular maturity, compare it to an equivalent government bond, and using some fun math (yeah baby!) back out a credit spread which that bond trades over treasuries (or swaps but I’m not going to get into that). The higher the spread, the higher the perceived risk of the bond, and vice versa of course.
Are bonds safe?
Well it kinda depends on what you mean by safe. If you mean are the bonds likely to deliver what the issuer of the bonds promised, then generally yes. As I said with government and semi government bonds you will almost certainly get all your coupons and the maturity value of the bonds delivered on time. Yeah, there are some exceptions to this but you’re unlikely to run into trouble with Australia, the US, the UK, the more economically sensible members of the Eurozone etc.
Similarly with corporates the vaast majority of the time you will get your money back on investment grade bonds, and it’s pretty rare to not get your money back on high yield bonds as well. That’s not to say it doesn’t happen, but it doesn’t happen much.
If you mean am I going to get back what I put into the bond, well no they’re not necessarily safe, particularly if you sell before maturity. Remember when I said bonds are kinda like term deposits that can trade? Well when they trade those prices move around, and they can move around a lot!
Why do bond prices move?
There are a bunch of reasons why bond prices move around, the main ones are changes in the interest rate environment, changes in economic conditions, and changes specific to the issuer of the bond.
We’ll talk about interest rates first. Bond prices have an inverse relationship with bond yields, which is a fancy way of saying if interest rates (yields) go down then bond prices go up.
How much do they go up? Well that depends on the magnitude of the change in rates, and a bunch of factors involving the bond. Basically the longer till maturity on the bond, and the lower the coupon on the bond, the more sensitive it will be to changes in interest rates. This is measured using modified duration and convexity.
Modified duration takes into account the timing of the cashflows of the bond (so coupons and maturity) and gives you a number which is typically a little less than that number of years to maturity, the higher the coupon the more it decreases the modified duration. If you multiply that modified duration by the change in interest rates in percentage terms, it will tell you how much the bond price will move by (in theory at least).
So if you have a modified duration of say 7.117, then for every 1 percent move in interest rates the bond price will change by 7.117 points. So if your bond price was previously 100 and rates moved down by 1%, then your bond should now be worth 107.117. Happy days! Conversely if rates moved up, well your bond is now worth 92.883. Not so happy days.
I’ve used the [ASX bond calculator](http://%20https//www.asx.com.au/asx/research/bondCalculator.do) to give a couple of examples using the current Aussie 10 year bond. You can hopefully see below that by changing the yield on the bond from 1.5% to 1% the market price has gone from 116.87 to 121.83, roughly a 4.25% change in price for a 0.5% change in rates, so presumably the modified duration on the bond is about 8.5.
To make things slightly more complex, that relationship isn’t fixed due to something called convexity. Instead of being a linear relationship, it’s actually a changing one (a curve rather than a line). Basically the more bonds prices move away from where they were issued the more that relationship will change.
Then there are things like GDP numbers, employment numbers, consumer sentiment surveys, PMI surverys, and all sorts of other economic news which will potentially move bond yields around, generally pretty slightly but it really depends on how important that economic number is and how much of a change from expectations it is.
On top of that for corporations changes in their own situations will have an effect on what their credit rating/spread is which will affect prices as well. If a company goes from being loss making to suddenly making a profit, then that’s going to be good for their credit and the bond price is likely to go up. Bad news like a profit warning will potentially mean a higher credit spread and lower price for the bond.
There is also general investor appetite for risk, so if investors are happy to take on more risk in their asset allocation (risk on) then they will likely sell off lower risk assets like bonds and buy higher risk assets like equities and to a lesser extent property. If things change and they want to go risk off, then the reverse happens and money tends to come out of equities and into bonds.
What happens to bonds if the stock market crashes or we have another GFC?
A stock market crash is actually one of the more compelling reasons to invest in bonds. This is because when stock markets crash investors tend to put their money into asset classes where they feel a lot safer ie, bonds. The rationale is that getting your money back is now hugely important, and even more important is not losing all your money as you will in those horrible equities which you knew you should never have invested in but that horrible financial adviser talked you into.
People. Are. Not. Rational. People panic. People sell assets which are going down in value even though they know they should be holding on for the long term. This applies not just to retail investors, but also to professionals who should know better.
In the GFC I spent plenty of time talking to institutional investors with a long term time horizon (ie 5 or 10 years etc) who suddenly decided they had to get out because of bad one month performance. People will bail out if the proverbial is hitting the fan. I wrote a bit about my experiences with the GFC here, and believe me there are a lot of people who are not going to be as cool calm and collected as they think they will be.
It’s very very very very (extra very for emphasis) important to note here that at this point in time investors will not be thinking that all bonds are much the same. When they are looking for somewhere to put their money that they now have after panic selling out of equities, they will park it in the safest place they can find, ie government bonds (aka treasuries). This will cause the price of those bonds to rise because of supply and demand.
If they still want to take on some amount of risk then they might put some into investment grade bonds, again this will push the price up a bit. They will almost certainly not put money into high yield bonds, because those are risky and in a crisis will behave pretty similarly to equities, ie they will fall in value. If anything they will more than likely try to pull money out of HY bonds, pushing the price down.
This excellent post really shows this in the below graph which shows the average performance of different types of bonds for a 10% or greater fall in the stock market (all of this is for the US but the same principle applies to Australia).
It doesn’t work in every case, as shown below (same source), but in almost all cases of a big crash in equities, treasury and to a lesser extent IG bonds gave you a big positive return to help out. HY, not so much and in some cases actually gave you a worse performance than equities themselves.
Please believe me when I say it is a huge help psychologically to have some of your investments going up when the others are going down, which to me at least is a great reason to have some money invested in bonds.
You’ve convinced me, how much should I have in bonds?
Ok so I’m probably being slightly optimistic here given the number of posts I see on reddit about how VDHG would be so much better if Vanguard got rid of that terrible 10% that’s invested in bonds and put it all in equities instead.
It would be nice to think though that some people are now realising that come the next crash they too might not behave entirely rationally, and it sure would be nice to own some assets that are going to zig when the stock market zags, so to speak.
On the off chance that I have actually convinced people, well it really comes down to your particular risk profile. This is going to be hard to believe for some people, but in the US the default portfolio for most investors is 60% stocks and 40% bonds.
Looking at Oz , the default balanced investment option for most super funds over here are supposed to have something like a 70:30 split between growth assets (shares and property) and defensive assets (bonds and cash) although the reality is a long long way from that if you actually look into how they invest (that’s a discussion for another time though). So that maybe provides a useful starting point.
I know that the average FIRE portfolio that gets talked about particularly from younger bloggers (who have likely never experienced a sustained down market) is pretty much 100% equities and property, maybe even leveraged up. Which is fine if you can hold on through the downturns, but not everyone can do this because it is extremely difficult to do psychologically. I wish them all the best of luck, but I am pretty sure that at least some of them will decide that it’s all too much and sell whenever we have the next crash.
There are exceptions to the rule though. One of my favourite bloggers, and someone who I know thinks deeply about this sort of stuff, is the FI Explorer who has about 15% in bonds and 15% in defensive alternatives (gold and bitcoin) as per his latest portfolio update.
Whilst I don’t like Bitcoin myself, or gold for that matter, he writes a good explanation about why he holds both here. I still don’t like either asset myself, but I recognise that I am not infallible, I could well be wrong about this, and certainly historically they have worked well as hedges.
In any case the more important point here is that there is basically a 30% allocation to what would be regarded as defensive type assets. This is actually a bit over his actual target of 25% in defensive assets, but he probably sleeps just fine at night.
I’m a little more aggressive in only having about 21% of my assets (excluding PPoR) in cash and bonds, but it’s not a huge difference. Both of us have been invested through stock market crashes and hopefully have come to realise that we are not the hyper rational investors that economists believe we are, and therefore it’s best to have a bit invested in stuff that will go up or at least hold it’s value when everything else is crashing.
How do I buy bonds?
You can buy bonds individually, but you tend to need to have a fair amount of money to do so and you can run into a lot of problems with liquidity, big bid/ask spreads etc, it’s hard to build up a diversified portfolio etc.
I buy bonds the same way I buy stocks, ie via an ETF. Most of the major ETF providers have some variety of index ETFs tracking Treasury only or Treasury plus Investment Grade bonds, or you can buy HY stuff if you want. Personally I just use one ETF which has about 75% in treasuries and the rest in IG. There are also some actively managed bond funds out there, either as ETFs or managed funds.
For the reasons I outlined above about bonds being a psychological safe harbour I personally would (and do) only invest in bonds which are likely to up in a crisis, but different strokes for different folks applies as always.
Any more questions?
I’ve only really scratched the surface here of talking about bonds, but at the same time I feel like it’s an overwhelming amount of information. If you have more questions then as always I’m happy to answer them in the comments!
Do you invest in bonds? If you enjoyed this post and would like to read more like it then please subscribe!
submitted by AussieHIFIRE to fiaustralia [link] [comments]

Top Futurology News - For the week of Jan 31, 2020

Top Futurology News - For the week of Jan 31, 2020

https://preview.redd.it/2vfzj3xf7fe41.png?width=1916&format=png&auto=webp&s=d86af073a267ce84c27f1133917719545f7210f1
We hope you enjoy this week's update!
Links to all original sources below the super long image showcasing this weeks' stories.
submitted by _FuturistechInfo to IsaacArthur [link] [comments]

/r/Bitcoin FAQ - Newcomers please read

Welcome to the /Bitcoin Sticky FAQ

You've probably been hearing a lot about Bitcoin recently and are wondering what's the big deal? Most of your questions should be answered by the resources below but if you have additional questions feel free to ask them in the comments.
The following videos are a good starting point for understanding how bitcoin works and a little about its long term potential:
For some more great introductory videos check out Andreas Antonopoulos's YouTube playlists, he is probably the best bitcoin educator out there today. Also have to give mention to James D'Angelo's Bitcoin 101 Blackboard series. Lots of additional video resources can be found at the videos wiki page or /BitcoinTV.
Key properties of bitcoin
Some excellent writing on Bitcoin's value proposition and future can be found here. Bitcoin statistics can be found here, here and here. Developer resources can be found here and here. Peer-reviewed research papers can be found here. The number of times Bitcoin was declared dead by the media can be found here. Scaling resources here, and of course the whitepaper that started it all.

Where can I buy bitcoins?

BuyBitcoinWorldwide.com and Howtobuybitcoin.io are helpful sites for beginners. You can buy or sell any amount of bitcoin and there are several easy methods to purchase bitcoin with cash, credit card or bank transfer. Some of the more popular resources are below, also, check out the bitcoinity exchange resources for a larger list of options for purchases.
Bank Transfer Credit / Debit card Cash
Coinbase Coinbase LocalBitcoins
Gemini Bitstamp LibertyX
GDAX Bitit Mycelium LocalTrader
Bitstamp Cex.io BitQuick
Kraken CoinMama WallofCoins
Xapo BitcoinOTC
Cex.io
itBit
Bitit
Bitsquare
Here is a listing of local ATMs. If you would like your paycheck automatically converted to bitcoin use Cashila or Bitwage.
Note: Bitcoins are valued at whatever market price people are willing to pay for them in balancing act of supply vs demand. Unlike traditional markets, bitcoin markets operate 24 hours per day, 365 days per year. Preev is a useful site that that shows how much various denominations of bitcoin are worth in different currencies. Alternatively you can just Google "1 bitcoin in (your local currency)".

Securing your bitcoins

With bitcoin you can "Be your own bank" and personally secure your bitcoins OR you can use third party companies aka "Bitcoin banks" which will hold the bitcoins for you.
Android iOs Desktop
Mycelium BreadWallet Electrum
CoPay AirBitz Armory
Another interesting use case for physical storage/transfer is the Opendime. Opendime is a small USB stick that allows you to spend Bitcoin by physically passing it along so it's anonymous and tangible like cash.
Note: For increased security, use Two Factor Authentication (2FA) everywhere it is offered, including email!
2FA requires a second confirmation code to access your account, usually from a text message or app, making it much harder for thieves to gain access. Google Authenticator and Authy are the two most popular 2FA services, download links are below. Make sure you create backups of your 2FA codes.
Google Auth Authy
Android Android
iOS iOS

Where can I spend bitcoins?

A more comprehensive list can be found at the Trade FAQ but some more commons ones are below.
Store Product
Gyft Gift cards for hundreds of retailers including Amazon, Target, Walmart, Starbucks, Whole Foods, CVS, Lowes, Home Depot, iTunes, Best Buy, Sears, Kohls, eBay, GameStop, etc.
Steam, HumbleBundle, Games Planet, itch.io, g2g and kinguin For when you need to get your game on
Microsoft Xbox games, phone apps and software
Spendabit, The Bitcoin Shop, Overstock, DuoSearch, The Bitcoin Directory and BazaarBay Retail shopping with millions of results
ShakePay Generate one time use Visa cards in seconds
NewEgg and Dell For all your electronics needs
Cashila, Bitwa.la, Coinbills, Piixpay, Bitbill.eu, Bylls, Coins.ph, Bitrefill, Pey.de, LivingRoomofSatoshi, Hyphen.to, Coinsfer, GetPaidinBitcoin, Coins.co.th, More #1, #2 Bill payment
Foodler, Menufy, Takeaway, Thuisbezorgd NL, Pizza For Coins Takeout delivered to your door!
Expedia, Cheapair, Lot, Destinia, BTCTrip, Abitsky, SkyTours, Fluege the Travel category on Gyft and 9flats For when you need to get away
BoltVM, BitHost VPS service
Cryptostorm, Mullvad, and PIA VPN services
Namecheap, Porkbun For new domain name registration
Stampnik and GetUSPS Discounted USPS Priority, Express, First-Class mail postage
Reddit Gold Premium membership which can be gifted to others
Coinmap, 99Bitcoins and AirBitz are helpful to find local businesses accepting bitcoins. A good resource for UK residents is at wheretospendbitcoins.co.uk.
There are also lots of charities which accept bitcoin donations, such as Wikipedia, Red Cross, Amnesty International, United Way, ACLU and the EFF. You can find a longer list here.

Merchant Resources

There are several benefits to accepting bitcoin as a payment option if you are a merchant;
If you are interested in accepting bitcoin as a payment method, there are several options available;

Can I mine bitcoin?

Mining bitcoins can be a fun learning experience, but be aware that you will most likely operate at a loss. Newcomers are often advised to stay away from mining unless they are only interested in it as a hobby similar to folding at home. If you want to learn more about mining you can read more here. Still have mining questions? The crew at /BitcoinMining would be happy to help you out.
If you want to contribute to the bitcoin network by hosting the blockchain and propagating transactions you can run a full node using this setup guide. Bitseed is an easy option for getting set up. You can view the global node distribution here.

Earning bitcoins

Just like any other form of money, you can also earn bitcoins by being paid to do a job.
Site Description
WorkingForBitcoins, Bitwage, XBTfreelancer, Cryptogrind, Bitlancerr, Coinality, Bitgigs, /Jobs4Bitcoins, Rein Project Freelancing
OpenBazaar, Purse.io, Bitify, /Bitmarket, 21 Market Marketplaces
Watchmybit, Streamium.io, OTika.tv, XOtika.tv NSFW, /GirlsGoneBitcoin NSFW Video Streaming
Bitasker, BitforTip, WillPayCoin Tasks
Supload.com, SatoshiBox, JoyStream, File Army File/Image Sharing
CoinAd, A-ads, Coinzilla.io Advertising
You can also earn bitcoins by participating as a market maker on JoinMarket by allowing users to perform CoinJoin transactions with your bitcoins for a small fee (requires you to already have some bitcoins)

Bitcoin Projects

The following is a short list of ongoing projects that might be worth taking a look at if you are interested in current development in the bitcoin space.
Project Description
Lightning Network, Amiko Pay, and Strawpay Payment channels for network scaling
Blockstream and Drivechain Sidechains
21, Inc. Open source library for the machine payable web
ShapeShift.io Trade between bitcoins and altcoins easily
Open Transactions, Counterparty, Omni, Open Assets, Symbiont and Chain Financial asset platforms
Hivemind and Augur Prediction markets
Mirror Smart contracts
Mediachain Decentralized media library
Tierion and Factom Records & Titles on the blockchain
BitMarkets, DropZone, Beaver and Open Bazaar Decentralized markets
Samourai and Dark Wallet - abandoned Privacy-enhancing wallets
JoinMarket CoinJoin implementation (Increase privacy and/or Earn interest on bitcoin holdings)
Coinffeine and Bitsquare Decentralized bitcoin exchanges
Keybase and Bitrated Identity & Reputation management
Bitmesh and Telehash Mesh networking
JoyStream BitTorrent client with paid seeding
MORPHiS Decentralized, encrypted internet
Storj and Sia Decentralized file storage
Streamium and Faradam Pay in real time for on-demand services
Abra Global P2P money transmitter network
bitSIM PIN secure hardware token between SIM & Phone
Identifi Decentralized address book w/ ratings system
Coinometrics Institutional-level Bitcoin Data & Research
Blocktrail and BitGo Multisig bitcoin API
Bitcore Open source Bitcoin javascript library
Insight Open source blockchain API
Leet Kill your friends and take their money ;)

Bitcoin Units

One Bitcoin is quite large (hundreds of £/$/€) so people often deal in smaller units. The most common subunits are listed below:
Unit Symbol Value Info
millibitcoin mBTC 1,000 per bitcoin SI unit for milli i.e. millilitre (mL) or millimetre (mm)
microbitcoin μBTC 1,000,000 per bitcoin SI unit for micro i.e microlitre (μL) or micrometre (μm)
bit bit 1,000,000 per bitcoin Colloquial "slang" term for microbitcoin
satoshi sat 100,000,000 per bitcoin Smallest unit in bitcoin, named after the inventor
For example, assuming an arbitrary exchange rate of $500 for one Bitcoin, a $10 meal would equal:
For more information check out the Bitcoin units wiki.
Still have questions? Feel free to ask in the comments below or stick around for our weekly Mentor Monday thread. If you decide to post a question in /Bitcoin, please use the search bar to see if it has been answered before, and remember to follow the community rules outlined on the sidebar to receive a better response. The mods are busy helping manage our community so please do not message them unless you notice problems with the functionality of the subreddit. A complete list of bitcoin related subreddits can be found here
Note: This is a community created FAQ. If you notice anything missing from the FAQ or that requires clarification you can edit it here and it will be included in the next revision pending approval.
Welcome to the Bitcoin community and the new decentralized economy!
submitted by BinaryResult to Bitcoin [link] [comments]

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Alternative 2020 Article 7 Bitcoin Exchange To Buy, Sell, Invest And Make Money With Bitcoin And Etherum. For those still interested in Digital Currency, also known as Cryptocurrency [ Wikipedia ], here are 10 alternative digital coins. They are easier to mine, however, the down side is these companies might cease to exist if their popularity ... Satoshi Nakamoto, the mysterious creator of Bitcoin, originally devised the cryptocurrency as a "peer-to-peer electronic cash system" that would revolutionize, democratize, and decentralize the current international financial paradigm.The massive increase in popularity and value that Bitcoin has experienced over the last year, however, has left the Bitcoin network slow, unwieldy, and far from ... Rupert Hackett is the co-founder of Bitcoin Australia, and has a wealth of experience with Bitcoin and Cryptocurrencies, including the world’s first Masters in Digital Currencies. He bought his first bitcoin in 2011, and in 2014 immersed himself in the crypto world with Bitcoin Australia and angel investor fund Dominet led by Domenic Carosa. US Senate Candidate Is a Hodler, Sees Bitcoin as Alternative Store of Value to US Dollar US Senate candidate Cynthia Lummis is pro-bitcoin. She bought her first bitcoin during her time in Congress. An in-depth look into 10 bitcoin alternatives 1. Litecoin (LTC) Created as “the silver to bitcoin’s gold” by Google programmer Charlie Lee, Litecoin was launched in October 2011. Though also a peer-to-peer payment currency, Litecoin was designed to offer a few key benefits over bitcoin including reduced transaction fees and faster payment processing.

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